Philistine

play
noun Phi·lis·tine \ˈfi-lə-ˌstēn; fə-ˈlis-tən, -ˌtēn; ˈfi-lə-stən\

Definition of Philistine

  1. 1 :  a native or inhabitant of ancient Philistia

  2. 2 often not capitalized a :  a person who is guided by materialism and is usually disdainful of intellectual or artistic values b :  one uninformed in a special area of knowledge

philistine

adjective often capitalized

philistinism

play \-lə-ˌstē-ˌni-zəm; -ˈlis-tə-, -ˌtē-, -lə-stə-\ noun often capitalized

Philistines, Ancient and Modern

The original Philistines were a people who occupied the southern coast of Palestine more than 3,000 years ago. Enemies of the ancient Israelites, they were portrayed in the Bible as a crude and warlike race. This led to the use of Philistine in English to refer, humorously, to an enemy into whose hands one had fallen or might fall. Several centuries later, an extended sense of philistine denoting “a materialistic person who is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values” came into being as a result of the following: a violent town-gown conflict in the German university town of Jena in the 17th century prompted a local clergyman to address the events in a sermon in which he alluded to the Biblical Philistines. This caused the university students to apply the German word Philister (equivalent to English Philistine) to the townspeople, whom they perceived as unenlightened and hostile to education. English speakers familiar with the story began using philistine in this way by the early 1800s, soon extending its reference to any enemy of culture. The “anti-intellectual” sense of philistine was popularized by the writer Matthew Arnold, who famously applied it to members of the English middle class in his book Culture and Anarchy (1869).

14th Century

First Known Use of philistine

14th century



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