Juris Doctor

noun (1)
Ju·​ris Doctor | \ ˈju̇r-əs- How to pronounce Juris Doctor (audio) \

Definition of Juris Doctor

 (Entry 1 of 9)

: a degree conferred by a law school usually after three years of full-time study

sui juris

adjective (1)
sui ju·​ris | \ ˌsü-ˌī-ˈju̇r-əs How to pronounce sui juris (audio) , ˌsü-ē-ˈyu̇r-\

Definition of sui juris (Entry 2 of 9)

: having full legal rights or capacity

ignorantia juris neminem excusat

Latin phrase
ig·​no·​ran·​tia ju·​ris ne·​mi·​nem ex·​cu·​sat | \ ˌig-nȯ-ˌrän-tē-ä-ˈyu̇r-is-ˈnā-mi-ˌnem-eks-ˈkü-ˌsät How to pronounce ignorantia juris neminem excusat (audio) \
variants: or ignorantia legis neminem excusat \ ˌig-​nȯ-​ˌrän-​tē-​ä-​ˈlā-​gis-​ˈnā-​mi-​ˌnem-​eks-​ˈkü-​ˌsät How to pronounce ignorantia legis neminem excusat (audio) \

Definition of ignorantia juris neminem excusat (Entry 3 of 9)

: ignorance of the law excuses no one : ignorance of the law is no defense

actio stricti juris

noun (2)
ac·​tio stric·​ti ju·​ris | \ -ˈstrik-ˌtī-ˈju̇r-əs, -ˌtē-ˈyu̇r-ə̇s\
plural actiones stricti juris

Definition of actio stricti juris (Entry 4 of 9)

: an action in Roman law that the judge was to decide according to the strict legal rules without reference to equitable considerations contrasted with actio bonae fidei

alieni juris

adjective (2)
ali·​e·​ni ju·​ris | \ ˌalēˈēˌnīˈju̇rə̇s, ˌälēˈā(ˌ)nēˈyu̇-\

Definition of alieni juris (Entry 5 of 9)

: subject to the authority of another opposed to sui juris

homo alieni juris

noun (3)
\ ˈhō(ˌ)mō+\

Definition of homo alieni juris (Entry 6 of 9)

: a person under the control of another opposed to homo sui juris

homo sui juris

noun (4)
ho·​mo sui juris | \ ¦hō(ˌ)mō+\

Definition of homo sui juris (Entry 7 of 9)

: a person under his or her own control opposed to homo alieni juris

nullius juris

adjective (3)
nullius ju·​ris | \ -ˈjürə̇s\

Definition of nullius juris (Entry 8 of 9)

: having no standing in law : without legal effect or validity

universitas juris

noun (5)
universitas ju·​ris | \ -ˈju̇rə̇s\

Definition of universitas juris (Entry 9 of 9)

: the totality of the rights and liabilities of a person

First Known Use of Juris Doctor

Noun (1)

1969, in the meaning defined above

Adjective (1)

1675, in the meaning defined above

Noun (2)

1819, in the meaning defined above

Adjective (2)

1825, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Juris Doctor

Noun (1)

Latin, doctor of law

Adjective (1)

Latin, of one's own right

Noun (2)

Late Latin, literally, action of strict law

Adjective (2)

Latin, of another's law

Noun (3)


Noun (4)


Adjective (3)

Medieval Latin

Noun (5)

Latin, totality of right

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The first known use of Juris Doctor was in 1675

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More Definitions for Juris Doctor

juris doctor

noun, often capitalized J&D
ju·​ris doc·​tor | \ ˈju̇r-əs-ˌdäk-tər\

Legal Definition of juris doctor

: the lowest degree conferred by a law school usually after three years of full-time study or its equivalent — compare master of laws, doctor of laws, doctor of the science of law

Note: The juris doctor replaced the bachelor of laws as the first degree conferred by a law school in 1969. Not all states mention the J.D. or LL.B. specifically as a requirement for admission to the bar, but all states do require graduation from a law school.

History and Etymology for Juris Doctor

New Latin, doctor of law

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Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with Juris Doctor

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