country of central Europe bordering on the North and Baltic seas; capital Berlin area 137,735 square miles (356,734 square kilometers), population 80,219,695
Between 1949 and 1990, Germany was divided into two republics:
West Germany, officially called the Federal Republic of Germany
, to the west (capital Bonn, area about 96,000 square miles, or 249,600 square kilometers) and
East Germany, officially called the German Democratic Republic
, to the east (capital East Berlin area about 42,000 square miles or 108,780 square kilometers.