Chagas disease

noun
Cha·​gas disease | \ ˈshä-gəs- How to pronounce Chagas disease (audio) , -gə-səz- \
variants: or Chagas' disease

Definition of Chagas disease

: a tropical American disease that is caused by a trypanosome (Trypanosoma cruzi) transmitted chiefly by blood-sucking insects (genus Triatoma, Rhodnius, or Panstrongylus) and that occurs in both an acute and chronic form

Note: The acute form of Chagas disease lasts for several weeks to months and is marked by mild symptoms (such as fever, fatigue, or swelling at the infection site) or rarely by serious symptoms (such as myocarditis or meningoencephalitis) but is often asymptomatic. The acute form may sometimes progress years later to a chronic form characterized especially by cardiac and gastrointestinal complications (such as cardiomyopathy, irregular heart rhythm, and enlargement of the colon or esophagus).

Chagas disease kills more Latin Americans than any other parasitic illness.The Economist Chagas' disease spreads via insect fecal contamination of its own bite.— Phil Gunby

called also American trypanosomiasis

First Known Use of Chagas disease

1911, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Chagas disease

Carlos Chagas †1934 Brazilian physician

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The first known use of Chagas disease was in 1911

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Dictionary Entries Near Chagas disease

Chagall

Chagas disease

Chagatai

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Cite this Entry

“Chagas disease.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Chagas%20disease. Accessed 27 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for Chagas disease

Chagas disease

noun
Cha·​gas disease | \ ˈshäg-əs- How to pronounce Chagas disease (audio) \
variants: or Chagas' disease \ ˈshäg-​əs-​(əz-​) \

Medical Definition of Chagas disease

: a tropical American disease that is caused by a parasitic protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma (T. cruzi) transmitted chiefly by blood-sucking reduviid insects (genus Triatoma, Rhodnius, or Panstrongylus) and that occurs in both an acute and chronic form

Note: The acute form of Chagas disease lasts for several weeks to months and is marked by mild symptoms (such as fever, fatigue, or swelling at the infection site) or rarely by serious symptoms (such as myocarditis or meningoencephalitis) but is often asymptomatic. The acute form may sometimes progress years later to a chronic form characterized especially by cardiac and gastrointestinal complications (such as cardiomyopathy, irregular heart rhythm, and enlargement of the colon or esophagus).

called also American trypanosomiasis

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