Borna disease


Bor·​na disease
: a virus disease of equines related to sleeping sickness that occurs as an acute infectious inflammation of the brain and spinal cord usually giving rise to violent trembling, unsteady gait, inability to swallow, great excitement and signs of pain, or to stupor

Word History


translation of German Bornasche Krankheit, from Borna, Saxony, Germany, where the disease was especially prevalent in the 1890s

Love words?

You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.

Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with:

  • More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary
  • Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes
  • Advanced search features
  • Ad free!

Dictionary Entries Near Borna disease

Cite this Entry

“Borna disease.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Mar. 2024.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!