faction

noun
fac·​tion | \ ˈfak-shən How to pronounce faction (audio) \

Definition of faction

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a party or group (as within a government) that is often contentious or self-seeking : clique The committee soon split into factions.
2 : party spirit especially when marked by dissension faction, or the irreconcilable conflict of parties— Ernest Barker

Definition of -faction (Entry 2 of 2)

: making : -fication petrifaction

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Other Words from faction

Noun

factional \ ˈfak-​shnəl How to pronounce factional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
factionalism \ ˈfak-​shnə-​ˌli-​zəm How to pronounce factionalism (audio) , -​shə-​nə-​ˌliz-​ \ noun
factionally \ ˈfak-​shnəl-​ē How to pronounce factionally (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl-​ē \ adverb

Synonyms for faction

Synonyms: Noun

bloc, block, body, coalition, party, sect, set, side, wing

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Examples of faction in a Sentence

Noun

The committee soon split into factions. several factions within the environmental movement have joined forces to save this wilderness area

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The country has been embroiled in a civil war since 2013 between pro-government and rebel factions drawn along ethnic lines. Abigail Higgins, Vox, "The World Bank and tech companies want to use AI to predict famine," 29 Sep. 2018 The latest signing comes following weeks of negotiations in Khartoum, Sudan, on outstanding issues between the factions. Sam Mednick, Fox News, "South Sudan government and rebels sign another peace deal," 12 Sep. 2018 The gap between these two factions has not narrowed in the years since. Nash Jenkins, Time, "How Democrats in Congress Responded to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's Surprise Win," 29 June 2018 Jordan has been facilitating talks between rebel factions and Moscow over a deal that would end the violence in return for the return of state rule to Deraa province. Reuters, Washington Post, "UPDATE 4-Jordan source reports south Syria truce; State Dept cannot confirm," 29 June 2018 The House bill is a compromise between the conservative and moderate factions that dragged on for several weeks. Lisa Mascaro, chicagotribune.com, "Trump tweet complicates House GOP efforts to pass immigration legislation," 21 June 2018 The compromise was negotiated between GOP conservative and moderate factions. Lisa Mascaro, BostonGlobe.com, "House will delay vote on GOP compromise immigration bill until Friday," 21 June 2018 What could have been a heated fight between party factions to succeed longtime Orange County Republican Chair Lew Oliver fizzled Monday night — but another election in six months will really determine the county party’s future. Steven Lemongello, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Charles Hart elected Orange County GOP chair after Ross, Hardee bow out," 19 June 2018 In 2008, Uribe ordered the secret, overnight U.S. extradition of Berna and 13 other top commanders who were reportedly preparing dossiers on his ties to the paramilitaries—setting off a prolonged power struggle between remaining factions. Steven Cohen, The New Republic, "Why Colombia Keeps Electing Presidents Tied to Murderers," 18 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'faction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of faction

Noun

1509, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for faction

Noun

borrowed from Middle French & Latin; Middle French faccion, borrowed from Latin factiōn-, factiō "act of making, social set, band, group, self-seeking political group," from facere "to make, bring about, place, classify" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action — more at fact

Note: A doublet of faction is fashion entry 1, from the Gallo-Romance outcome of Latin factiō, which maintains only the meaning "act of making," sparsely attested outside of early Latin except in legal use.

Noun combining form

borrowed from Latin -factiōn-, -factiō (as in satisfactiōn-, satisfactiō satisfaction)

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Statistics for faction

Last Updated

25 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for faction

The first known use of faction was in 1509

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More Definitions for faction

faction

noun

English Language Learners Definition of faction

: a group within a larger group that has different ideas and opinions than the rest of the group

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Comments on faction

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