fac·​tion | \ ˈfak-shən How to pronounce faction (audio) \

Definition of faction

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a party or group (as within a government) that is often contentious or self-seeking : clique The committee soon split into factions.
2 : party spirit especially when marked by dissension faction, or the irreconcilable conflict of parties— Ernest Barker

Definition of -faction (Entry 2 of 2)

: making : -fication petrifaction

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Other Words from faction


factional \ ˈfak-​shnəl How to pronounce factional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
factionalism \ ˈfak-​shnə-​ˌli-​zəm How to pronounce factionalism (audio) , -​shə-​nə-​ˌliz-​ \ noun
factionally \ ˈfak-​shnəl-​ē How to pronounce factionally (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl-​ē \ adverb

Synonyms for faction

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of faction in a Sentence

Noun The committee soon split into factions. several factions within the environmental movement have joined forces to save this wilderness area
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun One faction in the church sought but failed to obtain a temporary restraining order blocking Couzens from Inspirational Baptist. Deon J. Hampton, The Enquirer, "Harassment charge against megachurch bishop dismissed for lack of jurisdiction," 6 July 2020 The second Jack Ryan flick based on the Tom Clancy novels recasts the role with Ford as the CIA agent, who this time interferes with an IRA assassination, causing a renegade faction to target him and his family for revenge. Ben Flanagan | Bflanagan@al.com, al, "Harrison Ford turns 78 today; Here are his 10 best movies," 13 July 2020 The report, released by the BfV domestic intelligence agency, includes for the first time around 7,000 members of the Alternative for Germany party’s youth section and a radical faction known as The Wing. Chronicle News Services, SFChronicle.com, "News of the Day From Around the World, July 9," 9 July 2020 The player has to deal with shambling zombies, but also explore Abby’s militarized life and confront a faction of bow-wielding religious cultists. David Sims, The Atlantic, "The Last of Us Part II Tests the Limits of Video-Game Violence," 1 July 2020 The laam caau faction may well win moderates over in time. Mary Hui, Quartz, "“Laam Caau:” The high-stakes game that Hong Kong protesters are waging with China," 30 June 2020 The liberal faction of the party, fresh off victories in Tuesday's primaries, had already been asked not to cause trouble at the 2020 convention after creating an embarrassing spectacle for Hillary Clinton in 2016. Naomi Lim, Washington Examiner, "Feeble or cautious? How will voters see Biden’s convention?," 26 June 2020 Calabro was never going to be accepted by a loyal and provincial faction of the fan base. oregonlive, "Canzano: Kevin Calabro’s run with Trail Blazers ends with a sobering truth -- he felt like Seattle’s guy," 2 July 2020 On Tuesday, Facebook followed up with bans and account removals for individuals associated with the Boogaloo faction, an anti-government group that has been showing up to Black Lives Matter rallies heavily armed and dressed in Hawaiian shirts. Joan Donovan, Wired, "You Purged Racists From Your Website? Great, Now Get to Work," 1 July 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'faction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of faction


1509, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for faction


borrowed from Middle French & Latin; Middle French faccion, borrowed from Latin factiōn-, factiō "act of making, social set, band, group, self-seeking political group," from facere "to make, bring about, place, classify" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action — more at fact

Note: A doublet of faction is fashion entry 1, from the Gallo-Romance outcome of Latin factiō, which maintains only the meaning "act of making," sparsely attested outside of early Latin except in legal use.

Noun combining form

borrowed from Latin -factiōn-, -factiō (as in satisfactiōn-, satisfactiō satisfaction)

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Time Traveler for faction

Time Traveler

The first known use of faction was in 1509

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Statistics for faction

Last Updated

29 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Faction.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/faction. Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for faction


How to pronounce -faction (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of faction

: a group within a larger group that has different ideas and opinions than the rest of the group

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