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noun sur·feit \ˈsər-fət\

: an amount that is too much or more than you need

Full Definition of SURFEIT

:  an overabundant supply :  excess
:  an intemperate or immoderate indulgence in something (as food or drink)
:  disgust caused by excess

Examples of SURFEIT

  1. <ended up with a surfeit of volunteers who simply got in each other's way>

Origin of SURFEIT

Middle English surfet, from Anglo-French, from surfaire to overdo, from sur- + faire to do, from Latin facere — more at do
First Known Use: 14th century



Definition of SURFEIT

transitive verb
:  to feed, supply, or give to surfeit
intransitive verb
archaic :  to indulge to satiety in a gratification (as indulgence of the appetite or senses)
sur·feit·er noun

Examples of SURFEIT

  1. <having surfeited ourselves on raw oysters, we had to decline the rest of the restaurant's offerings>

First Known Use of SURFEIT

14th century

Related to SURFEIT

Synonym Discussion of SURFEIT

satiate, sate, surfeit, cloy, pall, glut, gorge mean to fill to repletion. satiate and sate may sometimes imply only complete satisfaction but more often suggest repletion that has destroyed interest or desire <years of globe-trotting had satiated their interest in travel> <readers were sated with sensationalistic stories>. surfeit implies a nauseating repletion <surfeited themselves with junk food>. cloy stresses the disgust or boredom resulting from such surfeiting <sentimental pictures that cloy after a while>. pall emphasizes the loss of ability to stimulate interest or appetite <a life of leisure eventually begins to pall>. glut implies excess in feeding or supplying <a market glutted with diet books>. gorge suggests glutting to the point of bursting or choking <gorged themselves with chocolate>.


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