Quantcast
Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary

surplus

play
noun sur·plus \ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs\

Simple Definition of surplus

  • : an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of surplus

  1. 1a :  the amount that remains when use or need is satisfiedb :  an excess of receipts over disbursements

  2. 2 :  the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock

surplus adjective

Examples of surplus in a sentence

  1. If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally.

  2. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs.



Origin of surplus

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus


First Known Use: 14th century



SURPLUS Defined for Kids

1

surplus

play
noun sur·plus \ˈsər-pləs\

Definition of surplus for Students

  1. :  an amount left over :  excess




2

surplus

play
adjective sur·plus

Definition of surplus for Students

  1. :  left over :  extra <surplus wheat>




Law Dictionary

surplus

play
noun sur·plus \ˈsər-ˌpləs\

Legal Definition of surplus

  1. 1a :  an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b :  an excess of receipts over disbursements c :  the value of assets after subtracting liabilities

  2. 2 :  an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value of its capital stock — compare undivided profits capital surplus :  all surplus other than earned surplus earned surplus :  the surplus that remains after deducting losses, distributions to stockholders, and transfers to capital stock accounts paid–in surplus :  surplus resulting from the sale of stock at amounts above par





Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up surplus? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to expose to danger or risk

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ