noun sur·plus \ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs\

: an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed

Full Definition of SURPLUS

a :  the amount that remains when use or need is satisfied
b :  an excess of receipts over disbursements
:  the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock
surplus adjective

Examples of SURPLUS

  1. If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally.
  2. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs.

Origin of SURPLUS

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus
First Known Use: 14th century

Other Economics Terms

actuary, compound interest, globalization, indemnity, portfolio, rentier, stagflation, usurer
SURPLUS Defined for Kids


noun sur·plus \ˈsər-pləs\

Definition of SURPLUS for Kids

:  an amount left over :  excess



Definition of SURPLUS for Kids

:  left over :  extra <surplus wheat>
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