absolute


ab·so·lute

adjective \ˈab-sə-ˌlüt, ˌab-sə-ˈ\

: complete and total

: not limited in any way

: having unlimited power

Full Definition of ABSOLUTE

1
a :  free from imperfection :  perfect <it is a most absolute and excellent horse — Shakespeare>
b :  free or relatively free from mixture :  pure <absolute alcohol>
c :  outright, unmitigated <an absolute lie>
2
:  being, governed by, or characteristic of a ruler or authority completely free from constitutional or other restraint <absolute power>
3
a :  standing apart from a normal or usual syntactical relation with other words or sentence elements <the absolute construction this being the case in the sentence “this being the case, let us go”>
b of an adjective or possessive pronoun :  standing alone without a modified substantive <blind in “help the blind” and ours in “your work and ours” are absolute>
c of a verb :  having no object in the particular construction under consideration though normally transitive <kill in “if looks could kill” is an absolute verb>
4
:  having no restriction, exception, or qualification <an absolute requirement> <absolute freedom>
5
:  positive, unquestionable <absolute proof>
6
a :  independent of arbitrary standards of measurement
b :  relating to or derived in the simplest manner from the fundamental units of length, mass, and time <absolute electric units>
c :  relating to, measured on, or being a temperature scale based on absolute zero <absolute temperature>; specifically :  kelvin <10° absolute>
7
:  fundamental, ultimate <absolute knowledge>
8
:  perfectly embodying the nature of a thing <absolute justice>
9
:  being self-sufficient and free of external references or relationships <an absolute term in logic> <absolute music>
10
:  being the true distance from an aircraft to the earth's surface <absolute altitude>
absolute noun
ab·so·lute·ness noun

Origin of ABSOLUTE

Middle English absolut, from Anglo-French, from Latin absolutus, from past participle of absolvere to set free, absolve
First Known Use: 14th century

ab·so·lute

adjective \ˌab-sə-ˈlüt\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of ABSOLUTE

1
: pure or relatively free from mixture <absolute methanol>
2
: relating to, measured on, or being a temperature scale based on absolute zero <absolute temperature>

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