Fire Burn and Cauldron Bubble: On ‘Kettling’
What to Know
Kettling is a verb that in some contexts can refer to the police tactic of surrounding and restricting the movement of a crowd of people, making it harder to escape. The term's origins may be a metaphor describing a kettle about to boil over.
The noun kettling and its related verb kettle are used to refer to the police action of surrounding a crowd of people in order to restrict them from moving or escaping. Sometimes the action involves the use of a large restraining device, such as mesh fencing.
Several demonstrators told the Register that Des Moines police officers and Iowa State Patrol troopers pepper-sprayed or pushed peaceful protesters and used kettling—a controversial tactic where dozens of officers surround demonstrators to corral them before rushing in to make arrests.
- Tyler J. Davis and Nick Coltrain, The Des Moines Register, 23 June 2020
On 1 June, police in Washington, D.C. kettled more than a hundred Black Lives Matter protesters into a narrow street and subjected them to beating, gassing, rubber bullets, and arbitrary arrests, with some protestors forced to seek refuge in neighbors' homes.
— Rebecca Shaeffer, Newsweek, 11 June 2020
The term has come to the forefront in media coverage of recent mass protests, including those held against police violence in 2020. Before that, it was notably used during the Occupy Wall Street protests that began in September 2011 and protests outside the G20 summit in 2009.
As former senior policeman Andy Hayman predicted in a Times blog written the day before the summit:
"The tactics are "to herd the crowd into a pen, known as 'the kettle'... the police will not want groups splintering away from the main crowd.".
— Julian Joyce, BBC News, 16 Apr. 2009
The noun kettle refers to the area in which the crowd is confined. It has been suggested that the term is a metaphor for a boiling kettle about to spill over. Another theory posits a connection to the German noun kessel—which, apart from literally meaning “cauldron or boiler,” but has been used in military contexts for an armed force that is about to be overtaken by a superior one.
Kettling has been sharply criticized for keeping both protestors and bystanders unjustly (and sometimes hazardously) confined. Some police departments, such as Toronto’s, have sworn off the practice.