1 : a mixture of many drugs and honey formerly held to be an antidote to poison
Did You Know?
There really is no such thing as a single remedy for all that ails us. But that hasn't kept English speakers from creating not just a single word, but several words, that mean "cure-all": catholicon, elixir, nostrum, panacea, and today's word, theriac. When we first used theriac, it meant "an antidote for poison"—for any and all poisons, that is. That's how our Roman and Greek forebears used their theriaca and thēriakē, which derive ultimately from thēr, the Greek word for "wild animal." The first theriac was supposedly created by the first-century Greek physician Andromachus, whose concoction consisted of some 70 drugs pulverized with honey. Medieval physicians created even more elaborate theriacs to dose a plague-dreading populace, for whom the possibility of a cure-all didn't seem too wild a notion at all.
"Town authorities tried to monitor the manufacture and supply of theriac to ensure that the citizens were not hoodwinked...." — Philip Ball, The Devil's Doctor, 2006
"Together, the physicians produced a costly theriac based on an old recipe attributed to Andromachus, the personal physician to Nero." — John Jaie Palmero, The Journey Alone, 2013
Test Your Vocabulary with M-W Quizzes
Word Family Quiz
Unscramble the letters to create another word—also derived from Greek thēr—for a poison remedy used in the past that is now a common name, especially in Britain, for molasses: RCEEALT.VIEW THE ANSWER
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