stratum basale

noun
stratum ba·sa·le | \ -bā-ˈsā-lē \
plural strata basalia\-lē-ə \

Medical Definition of stratum basale 

1 : the basal layer of the epidermis consisting of a single row of columnar or cuboidal epithelial cells that continually divide and replace the rest of the epidermis as it wears away

called also stratum germinativum

— see malpighian layer

2 : the deep layer of the endometrium that is between the stratum spongiosum and the myometrium and that is retained during menstruation

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occurring twice a year or every two years

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