microglia

noun
mi·​crog·​lia | \ mī-ˈkräg-lē-ə How to pronounce microglia (audio) \

Medical Definition of microglia

: glia consisting of small cells with few processes that are scattered throughout the central nervous system, that are of mesodermal origin and are thought to be derived from fetal monocytes, and that have a phagocytic function as part of the mononuclear phagocyte system — compare macroglia

Other Words from microglia

microglial \ -​lē-​əl How to pronounce microglia (audio) \ adjective

Learn More about microglia

Cite this Entry

“Microglia.” Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/microglia. Accessed 27 Jan. 2021.

Comments on microglia

What made you want to look up microglia? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times

  • ducreux self portrait yawning
  • What is an earlier meaning of nice?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Typeshift

Anagram puzzles meet word search.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!