extracorporeal membrane oxygenation


Medical Definition of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

: treatment providing respiratory and circulatory support for a patient that involves pumping blood from the body and through a membrane oxygenator to exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen and a heat exchanger to cool or warm the blood before returning it to the body One approach to preventing ventilator-induced lung injury is to avoid mechanical ventilation and instead use extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).— Arthur S. Slutsky et al., The New England Journal of Medicine … doctors quickly equipped her with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, an artificial-lung system known as ECMO, that draws blood from veins near the heart, filters out the carbon dioxide and replenishes the blood with oxygen, before returning it at body temperature back to the heart.— David Templeton, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

called also ECMO

Learn More About extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Dictionary Entries Near extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

extracorporeal life support

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation


See More Nearby Entries 

Cite this Entry

“Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.” Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/extracorporeal%20membrane%20oxygenation. Accessed 26 Jun. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon


Test Your Vocabulary

Name That Food

  • a-light
  • Name these cookies!
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!