extracorporeal membrane oxygenation


Medical Definition of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

: treatment providing respiratory and circulatory support for a patient that involves pumping blood from the body and through a membrane oxygenator to exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen and a heat exchanger to cool or warm the blood before returning it to the body One approach to preventing ventilator-induced lung injury is to avoid mechanical ventilation and instead use extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).— Arthur S. Slutsky et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 28 Nov. 2013 … doctors quickly equipped her with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, an artificial-lung system known as ECMO, that draws blood from veins near the heart, filters out the carbon dioxide and replenishes the blood with oxygen, before returning it at body temperature back to the heart.— David Templeton, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 16 Sept. 2014

called also ECMO

Learn More about extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Cite this Entry

“Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.” The Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/extracorporeal%20membrane%20oxygenation. Accessed 16 December 2019.

Comments on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

What made you want to look up extracorporeal membrane oxygenation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


having a smooth flowing sound

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Great Scrabble Words—A Quiz

  • scrabble tiles that read scrabble quiz
  • Which of the following Q-without-U words means the number five in cards or dice?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?


Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!