Medical Dictionary

benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

noun
variants: or benign positional vertigo

medical Definition of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

:a condition marked by short recurrent episodes of vertigo and nystagmus brought about by a change in head position that is thought to be caused by the movement of small crystals of calcium carbonate (otoconia) in the semicircular canals
  • Doctors eventually told her she probably had benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, an inner-ear disorder, and gave her head-movement exercises to treat it.
  • —Sandeep JauharThe New York Times Magazine6 May 2001
  • Benign positional vertigo, the most common type of vertigo, is caused by a clot of free-floating debris, usually in a posterior semicircular canal.
  • —John R. Hotson and Robert W. BalohThe New England Journal of Medicine3 Sept. 1998
abbreviation BPPV, BPV

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