Medical Dictionary

artemisinin

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noun ar·te·mis·i·nin \ ˌärt-ə-ˈmis-ᵊn-ən \

medical Definition of artemisinin

:an antimalarial drug C15H22O5 that is a peroxide derivative of sesquiterpene, is obtained from the leaves of a Chinese artemisia (Artemisia annua) or is made synthetically, and is typically administered with other antimalarial agents (as mefloquine or amodiaquine)
  • … a new synthetic biology technique that produces artemisinin in a vat may act as a buffer against potential supply crises.
  • —Katherine BourzacDiscoverJanuary 2014
  • On the Thai-Cambodian border, a rogue strain of malaria has started to resist artemisinin, the only remaining effective drug in the world's arsenal against malaria's most deadly strain, Plasmodium falciparum.
  • —Christopher ShayTime14 Nov. 2009
— see artemether, artesunate

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