Todd, Robert Bentley (1809–1860),
British physician. Born and educated in Ireland, Todd served as professor of physiology and general and morbid anatomy at London's King's College from 1836 to 1853. He is credited with contributing to the founding of King's College Hospital and to the establishment of a program for the training of nurses. As coeditor, he contributed important articles on the heart, brain, and nervous system to The Cyclopedia of Anatomy and Physiology (1835–59). This multivolume reference was credited with doing more than any previous work to advance the study of physiology and of comparative and microscopic anatomy. The condition now known as Todd's paralysis was described by him in 1856 in Clinical Lectures on Paralysis and Certain Diseases of the Brain.