Medical Dictionary

Korsakoff syndrome

noun
variants: or Korsakoff's syndrome also Korsakoff psychosis or Korsakoff's psychosis

medical Definition of Korsakoff syndrome

:a chronic memory disorder that is caused by brain damage related to a severe deficiency of thiamine (as that associated with alcoholism or malnutrition) and is characterized by impaired ability to form new memories and by memory loss for which the patient often attempts to compensate through confabulation
Note: Korsakoff syndrome is frequently preceded by Wernicke's encephalopathy.

Biographical Note for korsakoff syndrome

  • Korsakoff or Korsakov Sergei Sergeievich (1853–1900), Russian psychiatrist. Korsakoff was one of the founders of the Russian school of psychiatry. After service at a clinic for nervous diseases, he published his classic description of the syndrome now known as Korsakoff syndrome.

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