Medical Dictionary

Fanconi's anemia

noun Fan·co·ni's anemia \ fän-ˈkō-nēz-, fan- \

medical Definition of Fanconi's anemia

: aplastic anemia that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is characterized by progressive pancytopenia, hypoplastic bone marrow, skeletal anomalies (as short stature), microcephaly, hypogonadism, and a predisposition to leukemia

Biographical Note for fanconi's anemia

  • Fanconi, Guido (1892–1979), Swiss pediatrician. Fanconi first described the congenital disease now known as Fanconi's anemia in 1927. He first reported on the renal dysfunction now known as Fanconi syndrome in 1931.

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