Medical Dictionary

Eijkman test

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noun Eijk·man test \ ˈāk-mən- , ˈīk- \

medical Definition of Eijkman test

:a test for the identification of coliform bacteria from warm-blooded animals based on the bacteria's ability to produce gas when grown in glucose media at 46°C (114.8°F)

Biographical Note for eijkman test

  • Eijkman, Christiaan (1858–1930), Dutch physiologist. Eijkman introduced his test for coliform bacteria in a 1904 paper. His most important work, however, concerned the etiology of beriberi. While in the Dutch East Indies, he studied fowl affected with polyneuritis, a condition similar to beriberi, and discovered in 1897 that the disease was caused by a diet of polished rice. A cure was effected by restoring the discarded hulls to the diet. In 1929 Eijkman was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

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