Law Dictionary

recoupment

noun re·coup·ment \ ri-ˈküp-mənt \

legal Definition of recoupment

1 :the process or fact of recouping
  • recoupment of expenses
2 a :a keeping back of all or part of a sum sought by a plaintiff in the interest of equity — see also equitable recoupment
b :a reduction in damages because of a demand by the defendant arising out of the same occurrence or transaction
c :the right of a defendant to have the claim of the plaintiff reduced or eliminated by reason of a breach of contract or duty by the plaintiff in the same occurrence or transaction; also :an affirmative defense alleging such a breach
d :a counterclaim that arises out of the same occurrence or transaction as that of the original action — compare set-off
Note: Recoupment involves the type of claim that now must be asserted in a compulsory counterclaim.

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