Equal Employment Opportunity Commission(EEOC)


Legal Definition of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

independent agency charged with enforcing and administering laws that cover discrimination in employment. The EEOC works to prevent discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability or genetic information, or age in hiring, promoting, firing, setting wages, testing, training, and other terms and conditions of employment. It issues rules, regulations, and guidelines and has the authority to conduct investigations, attempt conciliation in cases involving discrimination, and litigate matters in federal courts. The EEOC also coordinates all federal equal employment opportunity programs, including affirmative action plans, and has jurisdiction over federal employees' and applicants' complaints concerning employment discrimination. Its five commissioners, only three of whom may belong to the same political party, are appointed by the president and approved by the Senate for five-year terms.

Learn More about Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Cite this Entry

“Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.” Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/legal/Equal%20Employment%20Opportunity%20Commission. Accessed 26 Nov. 2020.

Comments on Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

What made you want to look up Equal Employment Opportunity Commission? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


Test Your Vocabulary

A Thanksgiving Word Quiz

  • a traditional thanksgiving dinner
  • November comes from a word for which of the following numbers?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!