zos·​ter | \ ˈzä-stər How to pronounce zoster (audio) \

Definition of zoster

Examples of zoster in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Astronauts have had reactivations of Epstein-Barr and varicella-zoster viral infections—a function of a change in immune status. Adam Rogers, Wired, 5 Apr. 2021 For instance, the varicella-zoster virus can cause chickenpox in children, go dormant and then reactivate as herpes zoster, or shingles, which causes painful rashes in adults. Ryan Prior, CNN, 5 Oct. 2020 Other tiny invaders stick around—among them, the varicella-zoster virus which initially causes chickenpox but then becomes latent in neurons for the rest of a patient’s life. Lois Parshley, National Geographic, 3 June 2020 With some pathogens, such as the varicella-zoster virus (which causes chicken pox), infection confers near-universal, long-lasting resistance. Stacey Mckenna, Scientific American, 10 Apr. 2020 Chickenpox and shingles are caused by the same virus, varicella zoster. Julie Washington, cleveland, 15 Dec. 2019 Chickenpox and shingles are caused by the same virus, the varicella zoster virus. NBC News, 10 June 2019 Chickenpox is transmitted through contact with an infected person’s respiratory droplets or their lesions, which contain the varicella zoster virus. New York Times, 25 May 2018 It's caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same one behind chicken pox. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, 26 Oct. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'zoster.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of zoster

circa 1706, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for zoster

borrowed from Latin zōstēr, borrowed from Greek zōstḗr "belt, girdle, shingles," from zōs-, base of zṓnnȳmi, aorist ézōsa "(I) gird(ed)" + -tēr, suffix of instruments — more at zone entry 1

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Time Traveler for zoster

Time Traveler

The first known use of zoster was circa 1706

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Cite this Entry

“Zoster.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/zoster. Accessed 25 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for zoster


zos·​ter | \ ˈzäs-tər How to pronounce zoster (audio) \

Medical Definition of zoster

More from Merriam-Webster on zoster

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about zoster


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