zos·​ter | \ ˈzä-stər How to pronounce zoster (audio) \

Definition of zoster

Examples of zoster in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Other tiny invaders stick around—among them, the varicella-zoster virus which initially causes chickenpox but then becomes latent in neurons for the rest of a patient’s life. Lois Parshley, National Geographic, "How long does the coronavirus last inside the body?," 3 June 2020 With some pathogens, such as the varicella-zoster virus (which causes chicken pox), infection confers near-universal, long-lasting resistance. Stacey Mckenna, Scientific American, "What Immunity to COVID-19 Really Means," 10 Apr. 2020 Chickenpox and shingles are caused by the same virus, varicella zoster. Julie Washington, cleveland, "Shingles vaccine and virus: What you need to know," 15 Dec. 2019 Chickenpox and shingles are caused by the same virus, the varicella zoster virus. NBC News, "Chickenpox vaccine linked to lower rates of shingles in children, study finds," 10 June 2019 Chickenpox is transmitted through contact with an infected person’s respiratory droplets or their lesions, which contain the varicella zoster virus. New York Times, "Is Shingles Contagious?," 25 May 2018 It's caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same one behind chicken pox. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "Everyone Over the Age of 50 Needs the New Shingles Vaccine, Experts Say," 26 Oct. 2017 Zostavax, a live-attenuated vaccine, introduces a weaker (attenuated) version of the varicella zoster virus in order to stimulate the immune system. Susan Scutti, CNN, "CDC recommends new shingles vaccine to replace older one," 25 Oct. 2017 Anyone who has had chickenpox — which these days means nearly everyone over 40 — harbors the varicella-zoster virus that causes the disease. Lena H. Sun, Washington Post, "Expert panel recommends new shingles vaccine that gives increased protection," 25 Oct. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'zoster.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of zoster

circa 1706, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for zoster

borrowed from Latin zōstēr, borrowed from Greek zōstḗr "belt, girdle, shingles," from zōs-, base of zṓnnȳmi, aorist ézōsa "(I) gird(ed)" + -tēr, suffix of instruments — more at zone entry 1

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Time Traveler for zoster

Time Traveler

The first known use of zoster was circa 1706

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Statistics for zoster

Last Updated

11 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Zoster.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/zoster. Accessed 6 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for zoster


zos·​ter | \ ˈzäs-tər How to pronounce zoster (audio) \

Medical Definition of zoster

More from Merriam-Webster on zoster

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about zoster

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