variola

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noun va·ri·o·la \və-ˈrī-ə-lə; ˌver-ē-ˈō-lə\

Definition of variola

  1. :  smallpox; also :  its causative poxvirus (species Variola virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus)

Origin and Etymology of variola

borrowed from Medieval Latin, “pustule, pox,” going back to Late Latin, “pustule,” from varius “affected by pox, leprous” (adjective derivative of varus “pimple” + Latin -ola, variant of -ula -ule after vowels — more at varix Late Latin varius is very likely independent of classical varius “having contrasting colors, varied” (see 1various).


First Known Use: 1543


Medical Dictionary

variola

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noun va·ri·o·la \və-ˈrī-ə-lə\

Medical Definition of variola

  1. :  smallpox; also :  the poxvirus of the genus Orthopoxvirus (species Variola virus) that is the causative agent of smallpox

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