vaccine

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noun vac·cine \vak-ˈsēn, ˈvak-ˌsēn\

Definition of vaccine

  1. :  a preparation of killed microorganisms, living attenuated organisms, or living fully virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease

vaccine

adjective

Origin and Etymology of vaccine

earlier, “fluid from cowpox pustules used in inoculation,” noun use of vaccine “of cowpox” (in the phrases vaccine disease, vaccine matter), borrowed from New Latin vaccina (in variolae vaccinae “cowpox”), going back to Latin, feminine of vaccīnus “of or from a cow,” from vacca “cow” (perhaps akin to Sanskrit vaśā “cow”) + -īnus 1-ine; in extended sense, “preparation of organisms administered to produced immunity,” in part borrowed from French vaccin, masculine derivative of vaccine “cowpox, matter from cowpox pustules,” borrowed from New Latin or English


First Known Use: 1813

Other Biochemistry Terms


VACCINE Defined for English Language Learners

vaccine

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noun vac·cine \vak-ˈsēn, ˈvak-ˌsēn\

Definition of vaccine for English Language Learners

  • medical : a substance that is usually injected into a person or animal to protect against a particular disease


VACCINE Defined for Kids

vaccine

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noun vac·cine \vak-ˈsēn, ˈvak-ˌsēn\

Definition of vaccine for Students

  1. :  a preparation containing usually killed or weakened microorganisms (as bacteria or viruses) that is given usually by injection to increase protection against a particular disease

History for vaccine

In the late 1700s the English doctor Edward Jenner investigated the old belief that people who contracted a mild disease called cowpox from cows thereby became immune to smallpox, a much more dangerous disease. Jenner documented 23 such cases, where people inoculated with matter from cowpox sores came down with cowpox but then did not contract smallpox. Because variolae vaccinae, literally, “cow pustules,” was the medical Latin name for cowpox, the virus-containing material used for inoculations eventually came to be called vaccine.


Medical Dictionary

vaccine

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noun vac·cine \vak-ˈsēn, ˈvak-ˌ\

Medical Definition of vaccine

  1. 1:  matter or a preparation containing the virus of cowpox used to vaccinate a person against smallpox

  2. 2:  a preparation of killed microorganisms, living attenuated organisms, or living fully virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease chicken pox vaccine; also :  a mixture of several such vaccines measles-mumps-rubella vaccine



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