turbine

noun

tur·​bine ˈtər-bən How to pronounce turbine (audio)
-ˌbīn
: a rotary engine actuated by the reaction or impulse or both of a current of fluid (such as water, steam, or air) subject to pressure and usually made with a series of curved vanes on a central rotating spindle

Did you know?

The oldest and simplest form of turbine is the waterwheel, which is made to rotate by water falling across its blades and into buckets suspended from them. Hero of Alexandria invented the first steam-driven turbine in the 1st century A.D., but a commercially practical steam turbine wasn't developed until 1884; steam turbines are now the main elements of electric power stations. Jet engines are gas turbines. A turbojet engine uses a turbine to compress the incoming air that feeds the engine before being ejected to push the plane forward; a turboprop engine uses its exhaust to drive a turbine that spins a propeller. A wind turbine generates electricity by being turned by the wind; the largest now have vanes with a turning diameter of over 400 feet.

Examples of turbine in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web On a recent day, the semi-submersible floating turbine was tethered to the bottom of the basin. David Sharp and Jennifer McDermott, The Christian Science Monitor, 15 May 2024 Losses from the deep technical problems with a new generation of Gamesa turbines eventually threatened to engulf the company’s profitable grid-making and gas units. Wilfried Eckl-Dorna, Fortune Europe, 8 May 2024 See all Example Sentences for turbine 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'turbine.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

French, from Latin turbin-, turbo top, whirlwind, whirl, from turba confusion — more at turbid

First Known Use

1842, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of turbine was in 1842

Dictionary Entries Near turbine

Cite this Entry

“Turbine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turbine. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

Kids Definition

turbine

noun
tur·​bine ˈtər-bən How to pronounce turbine (audio)
-ˌbīn
: an engine whose central driving shaft is fitted with a series of blades spun around by the pressure of a fluid (as water, steam, or air)
Etymology

from French turbine "turbine," from Latin turbin-, turbo "top (for spinning), whirlwind"

More from Merriam-Webster on turbine

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