synchrotron

noun
syn·​chro·​tron | \ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn, ˈsin-\

Definition of synchrotron 

1 : an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

Examples of synchrotron in a Sentence

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Science News’ Katherine Bourzac reports that the researchers used a particle accelerator known as a synchrotron to scan the plates with high-energy X-ray beams and unearth their chemical makeup. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Particle Accelerator Reveals Hidden Faces in Damaged 19th-Century Daguerreotype Portraits," 10 July 2018 One of the core strengths of the Office of Science and the national lab complex is building and operating user facilities [such as x-ray synchrotrons, neutron sources, and atom smashers] for the broader community. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Undersecretary Paul Dabbar paints broad vision for Department of Energy science," 13 June 2018 The laboratory did not possess a beam with sufficient energy to track mercury on the plates, so Kozachuk turned to the synchrotron at Cornell University. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Particle Accelerator Reveals Hidden Faces in Damaged 19th-Century Daguerreotype Portraits," 10 July 2018 At a synchrotron facility, Simoes and his colleagues identified features in the animal's brain case, collar bone and wrists that are unique to lizards. Sarah Kaplan, chicagotribune.com, "Meet the 240-million-year-old 'mother of all lizards'," 30 May 2018 Unlike conventional methods, the synchrotron can detect miniscule differences in fossilized bone density even in the outermost layers—essential in figuring out whether flight was possible. Roni Dengler, Science | AAAS, "Winged dinosaur Archaeopteryx may have been the first self-powered flier," 13 Mar. 2018 That’s why Currie and his colleagues scanned Halszkaraptor using a synchrotron, producing scans that are much higher in resolution. Ed Yong, The Atlantic, "How to Tell If a Dinosaur Is Fake," 8 Dec. 2017 The synchrotron also revealed a series of sharp teeth hidden in its mouth. Nicholas St. Fleur, New York Times, "This Duck-Like Dinosaur Could Swim. That Isn’t the Strangest Thing About it.," 6 Dec. 2017 Some two dozen Iranian scientists and engineers will train there, and the beamline will be shipped to Iran when its synchrotron is completed. Richard Stone, Science | AAAS, "United States blocks Iran from fusion megaproject," 31 Oct. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'synchrotron.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of synchrotron

1945, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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17 Dec 2018

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The first known use of synchrotron was in 1945

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More Definitions for synchrotron

synchrotron

noun
syn·​chro·​tron | \ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn, ˈsin- \

Medical Definition of synchrotron 

: an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

More from Merriam-Webster on synchrotron

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about synchrotron

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