synchrotron

noun
syn·​chro·​tron | \ ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn How to pronounce synchrotron (audio) , ˈsin- \

Definition of synchrotron

1 : an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

Examples of synchrotron in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Diamond Light Source is the United Kingdom’s national synchrotron. Nicole Daniels, New York Times, "Lesson of the Day: ‘Welcome to the Virosphere’," 25 Mar. 2020 Its emission comes from high-speed electrons spiraling in a magnetic field, a process called synchrotron emission. Fox News, "NASA spots cosmic 'candy cane' in Milky Way," 19 Dec. 2019 The technology dates to the 1930s, subsumed by the cyclotron and later the synchrotron for some purposes, but still useful for many others. Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, "The Fifth Force of Nature Could Be Real and Fantastic," 20 Nov. 2019 Seales and his team are now seeking to read the text using the Diamond Light Source facility, a synchrotron based in Oxfordshire in the U.K. that produces light that can be billions of times brighter than the sun. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Light Billions of Times Brighter Than the Sun Used to Read Charred Scrolls From Herculaneum," 4 Oct. 2019 Rossi and McNamara worked with a team of chemists from the U.S. and Japan using a synchrotron—an electron accelerator—to analyze the chemistry makeup of fossils. Daisy Hernandez, Popular Mechanics, "Scientists Learned How to Reconstruct Long-Extinct Animals," 20 Aug. 2019 For example, a project to rebuild the Advanced Photon Source, an x-ray synchrotron at Argonne National Laboratory in Lemont, Illinois, would get $93 million. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Science at Department of Energy gets a hefty raise in final 2018 budget," 23 Mar. 2018 Science News’ Katherine Bourzac reports that the researchers used a particle accelerator known as a synchrotron to scan the plates with high-energy X-ray beams and unearth their chemical makeup. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Particle Accelerator Reveals Hidden Faces in Damaged 19th-Century Daguerreotype Portraits," 10 July 2018 One of the core strengths of the Office of Science and the national lab complex is building and operating user facilities [such as x-ray synchrotrons, neutron sources, and atom smashers] for the broader community. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Undersecretary Paul Dabbar paints broad vision for Department of Energy science," 13 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'synchrotron.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of synchrotron

1945, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of synchrotron was in 1945

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Cite this Entry

“Synchrotron.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/synchrotron. Accessed 22 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for synchrotron

synchrotron

noun
syn·​chro·​tron | \ ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn, ˈsin- How to pronounce synchrotron (audio) \

Medical Definition of synchrotron

: an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

More from Merriam-Webster on synchrotron

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about synchrotron

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