syn·​chro·​tron | \ ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn How to pronounce synchrotron (audio) , ˈsin- \

Definition of synchrotron

1 : an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

Examples of synchrotron in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The synchrotron findings build on previous research on Little Foot. NBC News, "Painstaking study of 'Little Foot' fossil sheds light on human origins," 2 Mar. 2021 Protons from a synchrotron were flung against a target of beryllium atoms. Washington Post, "Jack Steinberger, Nobel laureate in physics, dies at 99," 17 Dec. 2020 Oh, and not just any X-rays: For many proteins, the X-rays need to be produced by a massive, stadium-sized circular particle accelerator called a synchrotron. Jeremy Kahn, Fortune, "Know when to fold ’em: How a company best known for playing games used A.I. to solve one of biology’s greatest mysteries," 30 Nov. 2020 Diamond Light Source is the United Kingdom’s national synchrotron. Nicole Daniels, New York Times, "Lesson of the Day: ‘Welcome to the Virosphere’," 25 Mar. 2020 Its emission comes from high-speed electrons spiraling in a magnetic field, a process called synchrotron emission. Fox News, "NASA spots cosmic 'candy cane' in Milky Way," 19 Dec. 2019 The technology dates to the 1930s, subsumed by the cyclotron and later the synchrotron for some purposes, but still useful for many others. Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, "The Fifth Force of Nature Could Be Real and Fantastic," 20 Nov. 2019 Seales and his team are now seeking to read the text using the Diamond Light Source facility, a synchrotron based in Oxfordshire in the U.K. that produces light that can be billions of times brighter than the sun. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Light Billions of Times Brighter Than the Sun Used to Read Charred Scrolls From Herculaneum," 4 Oct. 2019 Rossi and McNamara worked with a team of chemists from the U.S. and Japan using a synchrotron—an electron accelerator—to analyze the chemistry makeup of fossils. Daisy Hernandez, Popular Mechanics, "Scientists Learned How to Reconstruct Long-Extinct Animals," 20 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'synchrotron.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of synchrotron

1945, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of synchrotron was in 1945

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Cite this Entry

“Synchrotron.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 14 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for synchrotron


syn·​chro·​tron | \ ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌträn, ˈsin- How to pronounce synchrotron (audio) \

Medical Definition of synchrotron

: an apparatus for imparting very high speeds to charged particles by means of a combination of a high-frequency electric field and a low-frequency magnetic field

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