syconium

noun
sy·​co·​ni·​um | \ sī-ˈkō-nē-əm How to pronounce syconium (audio) \
plural syconia\ sī-​ˈkō-​nē-​ə How to pronounce syconium (audio) \

Definition of syconium

: the multiple fleshy fruit of a fig in which the ovaries are borne within an enlarged succulent concave or hollow receptacle

First Known Use of syconium

circa 1856, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for syconium

Latinization of French sycône, a vernacularized form of New Latin syconus, derivative of Greek sŷkon "fig" (probably erroneously construed as *sykon-, *sýkōn, an n-stem, from which *sykṓnion, Latinized as syconium, would be formally a diminutive) — more at fig entry 1

Note: The form syconium perhaps first appears in Elements of Botany and Vegetable Physiology (Edinburgh, 1831), an English translation by W. MacGillivray of Achille Richard's Nouveaux élémens de botanique et de physiologie végétale, 4. édition (Paris, 1828), where it renders Richard's sycône. Richard attributes the coinage (p. 332) to the botanist Charles François Brisseau de Mirbel (1776-1854), who does in fact use sycône in his Élémens de physiologie végétale et de botanique (Paris, 1815), p. 347 and p. 825, where he gives the Latin equivalent as syconus.

Learn More About syconium

Time Traveler for syconium

Time Traveler

The first known use of syconium was circa 1856

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near syconium

Sycones

syconium

Syconosa

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for syconium

Cite this Entry

“Syconium.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/syconium. Accessed 19 Aug. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More from Merriam-Webster on syconium

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about syconium

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Commonly Confused Words Quiz

  • vector image of a face with thought expression
  • I went to the ______ store to buy a birthday card.
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!