syconium

noun sy·co·ni·um \ sī-ˈkō-nē-əm \

Definition of syconium

plural syconia play \sī-ˈkō-nē-ə\
: the multiple fleshy fruit of a fig in which the ovaries are borne within an enlarged succulent concave or hollow receptacle

Origin and Etymology of syconium

Latinization of French sycône, a vernacularized form of New Latin syconus, derivative of Greek sŷkon "fig" (probably erroneously construed as *sykon-, *sýkōn, an n-stem, from which *sykṓnion, Latinized as syconium, would be formally a diminutive) — more at 1fig
Note: The form syconium perhaps first appears in Elements of Botany and Vegetable Physiology (Edinburgh, 1831), an English translation by W. MacGillivray of Achille Richard's Nouveaux élémens de botanique et de physiologie végétale, 4. édition (Paris, 1828), where it renders Richard's sycône. Richard attributes the coinage (p. 332) to the botanist Charles François Brisseau de Mirbel (1776-1854), who does in fact use sycône in his Élémens de physiologie végétale et de botanique (Paris, 1815), p. 347 and p. 825, where he gives the Latin equivalent as syconus.


Learn More about syconium


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up syconium? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!