1 of 2


sum up

2 of 2


summed up; summing up; sums up

transitive verb

: to be the sum of : bring to a total
10 victories summed up his record
: to present or show succinctly : summarize
sum up the evidence presented
: to assess and then describe briefly : size up

intransitive verb

: to present a summary or recapitulation

Examples of sum-up in a Sentence

Noun a sum-up of the main themes of the Romantic movement Verb in summing up the evidence against the defendant, the district attorney presented fact after damning fact
Recent Examples on the Web
But Biden, who was to try to showcase NATO’s strength in a sum-up speech Wednesday evening, was not willing to take that step, even as the United States continues to provide more weapons and ammunition than any other country to Ukraine. Chris Megerian and Seung Min Kim, Chicago Tribune, 12 July 2023 Radar is a weekly sum-up of things to see and do at Orlando’s theme parks and attractions. Dewayne Bevil, Orlando Sentinel, 29 Mar. 2023
As a small open economy, the U.K. has also been more vulnerable than the EU to a flight of capital following market shocks, as summed up by the currency hammering budget of September 2022. Ryan Hogg, Fortune Europe, 4 May 2024 And that about sums up the whole point of this column. Anita Chabria, Los Angeles Times, 2 May 2024 With fewer than half of the Central Exhibition artists presently breathing, the national pavilions have double the usual pressure to sum up the state of contemporary art. Jackson Arn, The New Yorker, 2 May 2024 Two words – stark, sober words – sum up a dramatic mood swing in Europe that could redefine, and ultimately loosen, the Continent’s decades-old alliance with the United States. Ned Temko, The Christian Science Monitor, 2 May 2024 What is most appealing varies from player to player, but Doval summed up his appreciation of the culture here in two words. Evan Webeck, The Mercury News, 16 Apr. 2024 For the past three years, IEEE Spectrum has read the whole damn thing and pulled out a selection of charts that sum up the current state of AI (see our coverage from 2021, 2022, and 2023). IEEE Spectrum, 15 Apr. 2024 On April 9, Griselda's leading lady was captured by photographers in a look that sums up her formula for styling oversized jeans: mistake-proof footwear, but also a practical top that wears well from day to night. Luz García, Glamour, 9 Apr. 2024 Gabriella Clare Marino/Unsplash Any anecdotes that really sum up this region during this time of year? Erin Florio, Condé Nast Traveler, 6 Apr. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'sum-up.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use


1848, in the meaning defined above


15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of sum-up was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near sum-up

Cite this Entry

“Sum-up.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 May. 2024.

Kids Definition

sum up

: to state concisely
a sentence that sums up the important ideas
: to present a summary

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