\ ˈsəm-ˌəp How to pronounce sum-up (audio) \

Definition of sum-up

 (Entry 1 of 2)

sum up

summed up; summing up; sums up

Definition of sum up (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to be the sum of : bring to a total 10 victories summed up his record
2a : to present or show succinctly : summarize sum up the evidence presented
b : to assess and then describe briefly : size up

intransitive verb

: to present a summary or recapitulation

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Examples of sum-up in a Sentence


in summing up the evidence against the defendant, the district attorney presented fact after damning fact

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Vogueworld Gwendoline Christie Ruled the Game of Thrones Red Carpet in a Gown of Ice and Fire As the Game of Thrones saga comes to a close, many have tried to sum up the magic behind George R. R. Martin’s tale of kings, queens, and dragons. Janelle Okwodu, Vogue, "Gwendoline Christie Ruled the Game of Thrones Red Carpet in a Gown of Ice and Fire," 4 Apr. 2019 The Sophos Naked Security blog sums up the WebAuthn process rather neatly. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "WebAuthn: What you need to know about the future of the passwordless Web," 7 Mar. 2019 On Starz's breakout spy-fi drama Counterpart, that one phrase sums up the state of practically all of the interpersonal relationships presented in the J.K. Simmons starrer. Ron Gilmer, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Counterpart' Season Finale: 3 Theories That Could Change the Game of the Starz Drama," 23 Mar. 2018 But the night’s message of celebration and hope was best summed up by the speeches from Lauder and Newhouse, which provided inspiration and comfort to all in the room. Vogue, "The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration Hosts Its Hope Rising 2018 Benefit," 18 Oct. 2018 Andersson’s team is best summed up by Ibrahimovic’s heir as captain: Granqvist, a 33-year-old central defender of old-fashioned virtue, a gritty, grizzled presence, all heart and no pretense. Rory Smith, New York Times, "By His Absence, Zlatan Ibrahimovic Makes Sweden Stronger at the World Cup," 3 July 2018 And a general sense of agreement, summed up by Balboa. Martin Rogers, USA TODAY, "How would the United States have fared in this World Cup? Tim Howard, USMNT vets weigh in," 27 June 2018 Sandee Chan, a presenter this year and winner of the GMA for best Mandarin female vocalist in 2009, summed up the new focus of the event in her remarks on stage. Rob Schwartz, Billboard, "Lala Hsu, Eggplant Egg Among the Big Winners at 29th Golden Melody Awards," 27 June 2018 France: Les Bleus sums up the color of France's uniforms. Matt Bonesteel,, "Red Devils, Green Falcons and Super Eagles, oh my: A guide to World Cup nicknames," 14 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sum-up.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sum-up


1894, in the meaning defined above


15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

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Dictionary Entries near sum-up

sum total


sum up




sun's mean longitude

Statistics for sum-up

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Time Traveler for sum-up

The first known use of sum-up was in the 15th century

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Comments on sum-up

What made you want to look up sum-up? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


one that collects or salvages junk

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