strep·​to·​my·​cin | \ ˌstrep-tə-ˈmī-sᵊn How to pronounce streptomycin (audio) \

Definition of streptomycin

: an antibiotic organic base C21H39N7O12 that is produced by a soil actinomycete (Streptomyces griseus), is active against many bacteria, and is used especially in the treatment of infections (such as tuberculosis) by gram-negative bacteria

Examples of streptomycin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Life-threatening infection led to the removal of a kidney and his treatment with what was then an experimental antibiotic, streptomycin, initially used to treat tuberculosis. Washington Post, 5 Dec. 2021 Laboratory testing found that 20 of these cases were resistant to common antibiotics such as chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline. Sandee Lamotte, CNN, 25 Aug. 2021 Most of our antibiotic medicines were discovered in such bacteria; streptomycin, for example, unsurprisingly hails from Streptomyces. Jennifer Frazer, Scientific American, 21 Nov. 2020 The standard treatment for brucellosis is antibiotics—usually a combination of doxycycline and streptomycin taken over a period of about six weeks, says NORD. Claire Gillespie,, 18 Sep. 2020 While Myobacterium tuberculosis would be discovered in 1882 and the clinical benefit of antibiotic streptomycin in 1945, public health efforts were ultimately the key to ending tuberculosis. Miriam Fauzia, USA TODAY, 10 May 2019 Will Burtin in 1951 to summarize the effectiveness of three antibiotics—penicillin, neomycin, and streptomycin—in treating 13 bacteria. Andrew Gelman, Wired, 25 Aug. 2020 Common antibiotics, such as streptomycin, can prevent complications or in some cases death, if administered soon after symptoms present themselves. Sophie Lewis, CBS News, 20 Aug. 2020 However, a strain of bubonic plague with high-level resistance to streptomycin was seen recently in Madagascar. Susan Scutti, CNN, 19 Aug. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'streptomycin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of streptomycin

1944, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of streptomycin was in 1944

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Cite this Entry

“Streptomycin.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Jun. 2022.

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strep·​to·​my·​cin | \ -ˈmīs-ᵊn How to pronounce streptomycin (audio) \

Medical Definition of streptomycin

: an antibiotic organic base C21H39N7O12 that is produced by a soil actinomycete of the genus Streptomyces (S. griseus), is active against bacteria, and is used especially in the treatment of infections (as tuberculosis) by gram-negative bacteria

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