1

strain

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noun \ˈstrān\

Definition of strain

  1. 1a :  lineage, ancestryb :  a group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usually not morphological distinctions a high-yielding strain of winter wheat; broadly :  a specified infraspecific group (as a stock, line, or ecotype)c :  kind, sort discussions of a lofty strain

  2. 2a :  inherited or inherent character, quality, or disposition a strain of weakness in the familyb :  trace, streak a strain of fanaticism

  3. 3a :  tune, airb :  a passage of verbal or musical expressionc :  a stream or outburst of forceful or impassioned speech

  4. 4a :  the tenor, pervading note, burden, or tone of an utterance or of a course of action or conductb :  mood, temper

Origin and Etymology of strain

Middle English streen progeny, lineage, from Old English strēon gain, acquisition; akin to Old High German gistriuni gain, Latin struere to heap up — more at strew


First Known Use: 13th century


2

strain

verb

Definition of strain

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to draw tight :  cause to fit firmly strain the bandage over the woundb :  to stretch to maximum extension and tautness strain a canvas over a frame

  3. 2a :  to exert (as oneself) to the utmostb :  to injure by overuse, misuse, or excessive pressure strained his backc :  to cause a change of form or size in (a body) by application of external force

  4. 3 :  to squeeze or clasp tightly: such asa :  hugb :  to compress painfully :  constrict

  5. 4a :  to cause to pass through a strainer :  filterb :  to remove by straining strain lumps out of the gravy

  6. 5 :  to stretch beyond a proper limit that story strains my credulity

  7. 6 obsolete :  to squeeze out :  extort

  8. intransitive verb
  9. 1a :  to make violent efforts :  strive has to strain to reach the high notesb :  to pull against resistance a dog straining at its leashc :  to contract the muscles forcefully in attempting to defecate —often used in the phrase strain at stool

  10. 2 :  to pass through or as if through a strainer the liquid strains readily

  11. 3 :  to make great difficulty or resistance :  balk

strain a point

  1. :  to go beyond a usual, accepted, or proper limit or rule

Examples of strain in a sentence

  1. I strained my back trying to lift the couch.

  2. Too much computer work strains the eyes.

  3. He strained a muscle in his leg.

  4. His muscles strained under the heavy weight.

Origin and Etymology of strain

Middle English, from Anglo-French estreindre, from Latin stringere to bind or draw tight, press together; akin to Greek strang-, stranx drop squeezed out, strangalē halter


First Known Use: 14th century


3

strain

noun

Definition of strain

  1. 1 :  an act of straining or the condition of being strained: such asa :  bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use heart strain; especially :  one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments back strainb :  excessive or difficult exertion or laborc :  excessive physical or mental tension; also :  a force, influence, or factor causing such tension a strain on the marriaged :  deformation of a material body under the action of applied forces

  2. 2 :  an unusual reach, degree, or intensity :  pitch

  3. 3 archaic :  a strained interpretation of something said or written

1558

First Known Use of strain

1558



STRAIN Defined for English Language Learners


2

strain

verb

Definition of strain for English Language Learners

  • : to injure (a body part or muscle) by too much tension, use, or effort

  • : to try very hard to do or get something

  • : to be pulled or stretched in a forceful way


STRAIN Defined for Kids

1

strain

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noun \ˈstrān\

Definition of strain for Students

  1. 1 :  a group of closely related living things that look similar but possess one or more unique characteristics Scientists are developing a new strain of wheat.

  2. 2 :  a quality or disposition that runs through a family or group There's a strain of genius in that family.

  3. 3 :  a small amount :  trace There was a strain of sadness in his voice.

  4. 4 :  melody 2, tune


2

strain

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verb

Definition of strain for Students

strained

;

straining

  1. 1 :  to stretch or be stretched, pulled, or used to the limit My muscles strained under the load.

  2. 2 :  to stretch beyond a proper limit The story strains the truth.

  3. 3 :  to try very hard :  make a great effort People in the back strained to hear.

  4. 4 :  to injure or be injured by too much or too hard use or effort Don't strain your back.

  5. 5 :  to press or pass through a strainer :  filter strain juice

  6. 6 :  to pour off liquid from by using a strainer Boil and then strain the pasta.


3

strain

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noun

Definition of strain for Students

  1. 1 :  great worry and concern or physical effort Perhaps, the pressures of everyday stress and strain had gotten her down. — E. L. Konigsburg, Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler

  2. 2 :  something that causes great worry and concern or physical effort Running the business was a strain on him. The heavy load was a strain on her back.

  3. 3 :  bodily injury resulting from too much use or from a wrench or twist that stretches muscles and ligaments

  4. 4 :  a force that pulls or stretches something to its limit :  stress


Medical Dictionary

1

strain

play
noun \ˈstrān\

Medical Definition of strain

  1. :  a group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usually not morphological distinctions a highly virulent strain of bacteria


2

strain

verb

Medical Definition of strain

  1. 1a:  to exert (as oneself) to the utmostb:  to injure by overuse, misuse, or excessive pressure strained his heart by overworkc:  to cause a change of form or size in (a body) by application of external force

  2. 2:  to cause to pass through a strainer

  3. intransitive verb

  4. :  to contract the muscles forcefully in attempting to defecate—often used in the phrase strain at stool


3

strain

noun

Medical Definition of strain

  1. :  an act of straining or the condition of being strained: asa:  excessive physical or mental tension; also :  a force, influence, or factor causing such tensionb:  bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use heart strain; especially :  one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments back strain—compare sprainc:  deformation of a material body under the action of applied forces



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