spar·​te·​ine ˈspär-tē-ən How to pronounce sparteine (audio)
: a liquid alkaloid C15H26N2 extracted from Scotch broom and used in medicine in the form of its sulfate

Word History


Latin spartum esparto, broom + International Scientific Vocabulary -eine — more at esparto

First Known Use

1851, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of sparteine was in 1851

Dictionary Entries Near sparteine

Cite this Entry

“Sparteine.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 Jun. 2024.

Medical Definition


spar·​te·​ine ˈspärt-ē-ən How to pronounce sparteine (audio) ˈspär-ˌtēn How to pronounce sparteine (audio)
: a liquid alkaloid extracted from the Scotch broom that has been used especially formerly in medicine in the form of its hydrated sulfate C15H26N2·H2SO4·5H2O
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!