somatic cell

noun

Definition of somatic cell 

: one of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

Examples of somatic cell in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

So this time the Chinese team deployed two critical enzymes that removed genes’ epigenetic memory of being somatic cells (cells that make up tissues and organs). Dina Fine Maron, Scientific American, "First Primate Clones Produced Using the “Dolly” Method," 24 Jan. 2018 Researchers have managed to clone nonhuman primates in the past couple of decades using other techniques, including a similar nuclear transfer method that relies on embryonic stem cells instead of somatic cells. Dina Fine Maron, Scientific American, "First Primate Clones Produced Using the “Dolly” Method," 24 Jan. 2018 Since scientists cloned Dolly the sheep in 1996 using a method called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), geneticists have been tweaking and testing cloning methods. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Ruff replicas: Barbra Streisand cloned her dog—with mixed results," 28 Feb. 2018 Researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Neuroscience in Shanghai relied on a process known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), which has been used to clone several mammals, including Dolly the sheep. Brigit Katz, Smithsonian, "Scientists Successfully Clone Monkeys, Breaking New Ground in a Controversial Field," 25 Jan. 2018 It was achieved through a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), which involves transferring the nucleus of a cell, which includes its DNA, into an egg which has had its nucleus removed. NBC News, "Chinese scientists clone monkeys, break barrier to human cloning," 24 Jan. 2018 According to Feng, Longlong's birth was the first time scientists had combined two cutting-edge bio-technologies: A gene-editing tool called CRISPR with somatic cell cloning technology - the method used to clone Dolly the sheep. Serenitie Wang, Matt Rivers And Shunhe Wang, CNN, "Chinese firm clones gene-edited dog in bid to treat cardiovascular disease," 25 Dec. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'somatic cell.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of somatic cell

1888, in the meaning defined above

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More Definitions for somatic cell

somatic cell

noun

Medical Definition of somatic cell 

: any of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

More from Merriam-Webster on somatic cell

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about somatic cell

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