somatic cell

noun

Definition of somatic cell

: one of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

Examples of somatic cell in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The second method is to take the egg of a surrogate animal, remove the nucleus, and join it with a Sumatran rhino's somatic cell. Jessie Yeung, CNN, "Every Sumatran rhino has died in Malaysia. Scientists want to bring them back with cloning technology," 14 Aug. 2020 That finding suggested the plants were somehow eliminating harmful mutations in their somatic cells and accumulating beneficial ones for their reproductive cells. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, "Meet the monkeyflower, a weed that may hold the key to zebra stripes and other biological mysteries," 29 Aug. 2019 If an owner decides to proceed, the pet's DNA is used to create embryos using somatic cell nuclear transfer, the same science that produced Dolly the sheep. Roxanne Roberts, Anchorage Daily News, "When is the best time to clone your dog?," 11 July 2019 If an owner decides to proceed, the pet’s DNA is used to create embryos using somatic cell nuclear transfer, the same science that produced Dolly the sheep. Roxanne Roberts, Washington Post, "When is the best time to clone your dog?," 10 July 2019 Scientists who work in genetics draw a huge distinction between editing somatic cells and editing germline cells. Jacqueline Detwiler, Popular Mechanics, "Legal vs. Illegal Gene Editing: Here's What's Banned, and Why," 4 Dec. 2018 The result gives Beecher’s milk a somatic cell count that’s a quarter to a half of the European standard, which is already half of the standard allowed in the United States. Tim Newcomb, Popular Mechanics, "Connected to the Craft," 3 Dec. 2018 So this time the Chinese team deployed two critical enzymes that removed genes’ epigenetic memory of being somatic cells (cells that make up tissues and organs). Dina Fine Maron, Scientific American, "First Primate Clones Produced Using the “Dolly” Method," 24 Jan. 2018 Researchers have managed to clone nonhuman primates in the past couple of decades using other techniques, including a similar nuclear transfer method that relies on embryonic stem cells instead of somatic cells. Dina Fine Maron, Scientific American, "First Primate Clones Produced Using the “Dolly” Method," 24 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'somatic cell.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of somatic cell

1888, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of somatic cell was in 1888

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Cite this Entry

“Somatic cell.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/somatic%20cell. Accessed 28 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for somatic cell

somatic cell

noun

Medical Definition of somatic cell

: any of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

More from Merriam-Webster on somatic cell

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about somatic cell

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