somatic cell

noun

: one of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

Examples of somatic cell in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In utero gene editing, or prenatal somatic cell genome editing, envisions treating a fetus diagnosed with a genetic disease before birth, thereby preventing that entire protocol and the onset of symptoms in the first place. Anna Yeo, STAT, 21 Feb. 2024 The technique used to create Retro builds upon the pioneering work that led to the creation of Dolly the sheep nearly 30 years ago, known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Sorcha Bradley, The Week Uk, theweek, 23 Jan. 2024 Why Trust Us? For decades, scientists have been able to create stems cells—known as induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells—from somatic cells, such as those found in our skin. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, 17 Aug. 2023 The team initially studied how a somatic cell epigenome transformed during the reprogramming process and figured out the exact moment aberrations emerged. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, 17 Aug. 2023 Using a technique developed by Nobel Prize laureate Shinya Yamanaka, Hayashi’s team has introduced genes into somatic cells to turn them into pluripotent stem cells, a type of cell that can stand in for an embryonic cell. Joshua Rapp Learn, Discover Magazine, 8 May 2023 In multicellular organisms, somatic cells are any kind other than reproductive cells. Joshua Rapp Learn, Discover Magazine, 8 May 2023 This form of cancer is one where there doesn't seem to be a somatic cell mutation of p53 itself. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 17 Oct. 2013 It’s typically accomplished via somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Molly Glick, Discover Magazine, 26 Nov. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'somatic cell.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1888, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of somatic cell was in 1888

Dictionary Entries Near somatic cell

Cite this Entry

“Somatic cell.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/somatic%20cell. Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition

somatic cell

noun
: any cell of an animal or plant other than a germ cell

Medical Definition

somatic cell

noun
: any of the cells of the body that compose the tissues, organs, and parts of that individual other than the germ cells

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