noun, often capitalized
variants: or sharia \ shəˈrēə \ or less commonly shariat \ -​ēət \ or sharʽ or shar \ ˈshär \ or sheri \ shəˈrē \ or sheria \ shəˈrēə \ or sheriat \ -​ēət \
plural -s

Definition of shariʽa

: the body of formally established sacred law in Islam based primarily on Allah's commandments found in the Koran and revealed through the sunna of Muhammad, governing in theory not only religious matters but regulating as well political, economic, civil, criminal, ethical, social, and domestic affairs in Muslim countries, and commonly in practice being supplemented by the customary law of a region — compare adat

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First Known Use of shariʽa

1855, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for shariʽa

Arabic sharīʽah

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The first known use of shariʽa was in 1855

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Cite this Entry

“Shariʽa.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Dec. 2020.

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