shadoof

noun
sha·doof | \shə-ˈdüf, sha-\
variants: or less commonly shaduf

Definition of shadoof 

: a counterbalanced sweep used since ancient times especially in Egypt for raising water (as for irrigation)

First Known Use of shadoof

1836, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for shadoof

Arabic shādūf

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The first known use of shadoof was in 1836

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