set

verb
\ ˈset How to pronounce set (audio) \
set; setting

Definition of set

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to sit : place in or on a seat
2a : to put (a fowl) on eggs to hatch them
b : to put (eggs) for hatching under a fowl or into an incubator
3 : to place (oneself) in position to start running in a race
4a : to place with care or deliberate purpose and with relative stability set a ladder against the wall set a stone on the grave
b : transplant sense 1 set seedlings
c(1) : to make (a trap) ready to catch prey
(2) : to fix (a hook) firmly into the jaw of a fish
d : to put aside (something, such as dough containing yeast) for fermenting
5 : to direct with fixed attention set your mind to it
6a : to cause to assume a specified condition, relation, or occupation slaves were set free set the house on fire
b : to cause the start of set a fire
7a : to appoint or assign to an office or duty
b : post, station
8 : to cause to assume a specified posture or position set the door ajar
9a : to fix as a distinguishing imprint, sign, or appearance the years have set their mark on him
b : affix
c : apply set a match to kindling
10 : to fix or decide on as a time, limit, or regulation : prescribe set a wedding day set the rules for the game
11a : to establish as the highest level or best performance set a record for the half mile
b : to furnish as a pattern or model set an example of generosity
c : to allot as a task setting lessons for the children to work upon at homeManchester Examiner
12a : to adjust (a device and especially a measuring device) to a desired position set the alarm for 7:00 set a thermostat at 68 also : to adjust (something, such as a clock) in conformity with a standard
b : to restore to normal position or connection when dislocated or fractured set a broken bone
c : to spread to the wind set the sails
13a : to put in order for use set a place for a guest
b : to make scenically ready for a performance set the stage
c(1) : to arrange (type) for printing set type by hand
(2) : to put into type or its equivalent (as on film) set the first word in italic
14a : to put a fine edge on by grinding or honing set a razor
b : to bend slightly the tooth points of (a saw) alternately in opposite directions
c : to sink (the head of a nail) below the surface
15 : to fix in a desired position (as by heating or stretching)
16 : to arrange (hair) in a desired style by using implements (such as curlers, rollers, or clips) and gels or lotions
17a : to adorn with something affixed or infixed : stud, dot clear sky set with stars
b : to fix (something, such as a precious stone) in a border of metal : place in a setting
c : to place in a specified literary or dramatic setting a story set in Paris
18a : to hold something in regard or esteem at the rate of sets a great deal by daily exercise
b : to place in a relative rank or category set duty before pleasure
c : to fix at a certain amount set bail at $500
d : value, rate their promises were set at naught
e : to place as an estimate of worth set a high value on life
19 : to place in relation for comparison or balance theory set against practice
20a : to direct to action
b : to incite to attack or antagonism war sets brother against brother
21a : to place by transporting was set ashore on the island
b : to put in motion
c : to put and fix in a direction set our faces toward home once more
d of a dog : to point out the position of (game) by holding a fixed attitude
22 : to defeat (an opponent or a contract) in bridge
23a : to fix firmly : make immobile : give rigid form or condition to set her jaw in determination
b : to make unyielding or obstinate
24 : to cause to become firm or solid set milk for cheese
25 : to cause (fruit or seed) to develop

intransitive verb

1 chiefly dialectal : sit
2 : to be becoming : be suitable : fit the coat sets well
3 : to cover and warm eggs to hatch them
4a : to affect one with or as if with weight the pudding sets heavily on my stomach
b : to place oneself in position in preparation for an action (such as running)
5 of a plant part : to undergo development usually as a result of pollination
6a : to pass below the horizon : go down the sun sets
b : to come to an end this century sets with little mirth— Thomas Fuller
7 : to apply oneself to some activity set to work
8 : to have a specified direction in motion : flow, tend the wind was setting from Pine Hill to the farm— Esther Forbes
9 of a dog : to indicate the position of game by crouching or pointing
10 : to dance face to face with another in a square dance set to your partner and turn
11a : to become solid or thickened by chemical or physical alteration the cement sets rapidly
b of a dye or color : to become permanent
c of a bone : to become whole by growing together
set about
: to begin to do
set apart
1 : to reserve to a particular use
2 : to make noticeable or outstanding
set aside
1 : to put to one side : discard
2 : to reserve for a purpose : save
3 : dismiss
set at
: to mount an attack on : assail would go although … devils should set at me— Charlotte Yonge
set eyes on
: to catch sight of
set foot in
: enter
set foot on
: to step onto
set forth
1 : to give an account or statement of
2 : to start out on a journey
set forward
1 : further
2 : to start out on a journey
set in motion
: to give impulse to sets the story in motion vividly— Howard Thompson
set one's hand to
: to become engaged in
set one's heart on
: resolve sense transitive 5 she set her heart on going to medical school
set one's house in order
: to organize one's affairs
set one's sights on
: to determine to pursue
set one's teeth on edge set one straight
: to correct someone by providing accurate information
set sail
: to start out on a course especially : to begin a voyage set sail for Bermuda
set store by or set store on
: to consider valuable, trustworthy, or worthwhile
set the stage
: to provide the basis or background this trend will set the stage for higher earnings
set to music
: to provide music or instrumental accompaniment for (a text)
set upon
: to attack usually with violence the dogs set upon the trespassers

set

noun

Definition of set (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : the act or action of setting
b : the condition of being set
2 : a number of things of the same kind that belong or are used together an electric train set
3a : mental inclination, tendency, or habit : bent a set toward mathematics
b : a state of psychological preparedness to perceive or respond to an anticipated stimulus or situation
4 : direction of flow the set of the wind
5 : form or carriage of the body or of its parts her face took on a cynical set— Raymond Kennedy
6 : the manner of fitting or of being placed or suspended in order to give the skirt a pretty set— Mary J. Howell
7 : amount of deflection from a straight line set of a saw's teeth
8 : permanent change of form (as of metal) due to repeated or excessive stress
9 : the act or result of arranging hair by curling or waving

10 or less commonly sett \ ˈset How to pronounce sett (audio) \

a : a young plant or rooted cutting ready for transplanting
b : a small bulb, corm, or tuber or a piece of tuber used for propagation onion sets
c : the blossoms of a plant that have set fruit as a result of fertilization
11 or sett : the burrow of a badger
12 : the width of the body of a piece of type
13 : an artificial setting for a scene of a theatrical or film production
14 or less commonly sett : a rectangular paving stone of sandstone or granite
15 : a division of a tennis match won by the side that wins at least six games beating the opponent by two games or by winning a tiebreaker
16 : a collection of books or periodicals forming a unit
17 : a clutch of eggs
18 : the basic formation in a country-dance or square dance
19 : a session of music (such as jazz or dance music) usually followed by an intermission also : the music played at one session
20 : a group of persons associated by common interests
21 : a collection of elements and especially mathematical ones (such as numbers or points)

called also class

22 : an apparatus of electronic components assembled so as to function as a unit a television set
23 : a usually offensive formation in football or basketball
24 : a group of a specific number of repetitions of a particular exercise

set

adjective

Definition of set (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : intent, determined set upon going
2 : intentional, premeditated did it of set purpose
3 : fixed by authority or appointment : prescribed, specified set hours of study
4 : reluctant to change set in their ways
5a : immovable, rigid set frown
b : built-in a set tub
6 : settled, persistent set defiance
7 : being in readiness : prepared set for an early morning start

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Synonyms & Antonyms for set

Synonyms: Verb

brood, hatch, incubate, sit

Synonyms: Noun

bloc, block, body, coalition, faction, party, sect, side, wing

Synonyms: Adjective

fit, go, prepared, ready

Antonyms: Adjective

flat-footed, half-baked, half-cocked, underprepared, unprepared, unready

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Examples of set in a Sentence

Verb

We need to set some extra chairs around the table. He set the ladder against the wall and walked away. I remember setting my bag right here. They set the bricks along the walkway. The jeweler can set the stone several different ways. He turned off the car and set the parking brake. Rangers will set a trap to catch the bear. We set an extra place at the table for our guest.

Noun

I need to buy a new set of golf clubs. The kids are allowed to watch two hours of television. After that, I turn off the set. We met on the set of Hamlet.

Adjective

Her college is set in the countryside. Their house is set back from the road. a man with deep-set eyes She has very set ideas about how children should behave.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

After months of protests brought down President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in April, an election was set for July. The Economist, "The army and the people face off in Algeria," 31 Aug. 2019 Federer, the No. 3 seed, defeated the unseeded Evans in straight sets, 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 to advance to the Round of 16. Chris Bumbaca, USA TODAY, "Roger Federer cruises in straight sets for third round US Open victory over Dan Evans," 30 Aug. 2019 And deforestation alone would not set off the cycle, but was shorthand for a more complex set of drivers. Max Fisher, New York Times, "‘It’s Really Close’: How the Amazon Rainforest Could Self-Destruct," 30 Aug. 2019 With the Air Raid, the offense spreads the defense out with four-receiver sets, running several basic concepts that have been practiced continuously. Orion Sang, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan football vs. Middle Tennessee State: Scouting report, prediction," 30 Aug. 2019 But the Riverside mom doesn’t mean a place with swing sets, sandboxes and slides. Brittany Woolsey, Daily Pilot, "Grownup Disney fans say the park provides a break from ‘adulting’," 29 Aug. 2019 On the other side of the ball, UConn’s defense has its first chance to move past a highly difficult 2018 season, in which the unit set records for points and yards allowed. Alex Putterman, courant.com, "UConn football looks to start strong against Wagner, reverse trend of struggles in openers," 29 Aug. 2019 Osaka won her second grand slam crown at the Australian Open in January, beating twice Wimbledon champion Petra Kvitova in a riveting three-set final. Ravi Ubha, CNN, "Colin Kaepernick and Kobe Bryant watch Naomi Osaka win in second round at the US Open," 29 Aug. 2019 The second set, while costly, will allow firefighters to not worry about their protective gear if a second incident occurs within a close timeline of a prior incident. Jeff Forward, Houston Chronicle, "Woodlands proposes small property tax increase in $127M budget," 28 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

There's still no set release date, but production on the film is slated to start this year. Julyssa Lopez, Glamour, "Lifetime’s College Admissions Scandal Movie: Everything We Know So Far," 13 Aug. 2019 With help from set decorator Jess Royal and art director Sean Brennan, Trujillo went on a deep dive into the history of the malls in America. Meredith Blake, latimes.com, "How 'Stranger Things' made the Starcourt Mall," 11 July 2019 One of the festival, but unfortunately their set times overlap. Jim Harrington, The Mercury News, "Outside Lands set times announced: Here are 5 biggest conflicts," 25 July 2019 Adaptive cruise control: Braking and throttle control to keep the car at a set speed and distance behind other vehicles. Mark Phelan, USA TODAY, "These car features could prevent your next crash," 10 June 2019 Gray argued that one of Donnelly’s friends set things off by hurling a gay slur at the younger crew. Sarah Horner, Twin Cities, "Guilty verdict in trial of 22-year-old man who assaulted man outside State Fair," 19 July 2019 The annual Teddy Abrams And Friends set is something completely unique to Forecastle. Chris Kenning, The Courier-Journal, "Who is a must-see at this year's Forecastle? These Louisville music experts weigh in," 3 July 2019 Check it out as well as the full set track list, and look out for Sasha back at fabric for a special release party June 30. Kat Bein, Billboard, "Sasha Drops Baile Remix, One of Two Unreleased Songs in 'fabric 99' Set: Exclusive," 12 June 2018 Adaptive cruise control: Braking and throttle control to keep the car at a set speed and distance behind other vehicles. Mark Phelan, USA TODAY, "These car features could prevent your next crash," 10 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'set.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of set

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for set

Verb

Middle English setten, from Old English settan; akin to Old High German sezzen to set, Old English sittan to sit

Adjective

Middle English sett, from Old English gesett, past participle of settan

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Dictionary Entries near set

sesunc

Sesuto

Sesuvium

set

seta

setaceous

set acid

Statistics for set

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Time Traveler for set

The first known use of set was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for set

set

verb
\ ˈset How to pronounce set (audio) \
set; setting

Kids Definition of set

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to put or fix in a place or condition I set the box on a table.
2 : to cause to be, become, or do Police set the prisoner free.
3 : start entry 1 sense 4 He set a fire.
4 : to fix or decide on They set the wedding date. Have you set a price?
5 : to furnish as a model You should set an example for the others. She ran to the front and set the pace.
6 : to adjust or put in order for use Please set the table. Did you set the alarm?
7 : to fix firmly He sets his feet and takes aim.
8 : to pass below the horizon : go down The sun is setting.
9 : to begin some activity They set to work on the cleaning project.
10 : to cause to sit I set the baby in her chair.
11 : to arrange in a desired and especially a normal position Doctors set the broken bone.
12 : to become or cause to become firm or solid Wait for the cement to set.
13 : to cover and warm eggs to hatch them The hen set for days.
14 : to locate the plot of (a story)
15 : to provide (as words or verses) with music
set aside
: to reserve for some purpose
set eyes on
: to catch sight of : see Though he lived nearby, I had never set eyes on him.
set in
: to make its appearance : begin They needed to leave arctic waters before winter set in.
set off
1 : to start a journey We set off for home.
2 : explode sense 1 We set off fireworks.
3 : to make noticeable The phrase is set off by commas.
4 : to cause to start The story set them off laughing.
set out
1 : to begin on a course or journey We arrived a month after we set out.
2 : to begin with a purpose He set out to win.
set up
1 : to place or secure in position Help me set up the tables.
2 : to put in operation The community set up an animal shelter.

set

noun

Kids Definition of set (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a number of persons or things of the same kind that belong together, are used together, or occur together a set of footsteps He was given two sets of clothes and a towel.— Louis Sachar, Holes
2 : the act or action of going below the horizon the set of the sun
3 : an electronic apparatus a television set
4 : a collection of mathematical elements
5 : a group of tennis games that make up a match
6 : the form or movement of the body or of its parts the set of the shoulders
7 : an artificial setting for a scene of a play or motion picture

set

adjective

Kids Definition of set (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : fixed by authority a set rule
2 : not very willing to change The people he works with are set in their ways.
3 : ready entry 1 sense 1 Are you all set?

set

verb
\ ˈset How to pronounce set (audio) \
set; setting

Medical Definition of set

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

: to restore to normal position or connection when dislocated or fractured set a broken bone

intransitive verb

1 : to become solid or thickened by chemical or physical alteration
2 of a bone : to become whole by knitting

set

noun

Medical Definition of set (Entry 2 of 2)

: a state of psychological preparedness usually of limited duration for action in response to an anticipated stimulus or situation the influence of mental set on problem solving

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More from Merriam-Webster on set

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for set

Spanish Central: Translation of set

Nglish: Translation of set for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of set for Arabic Speakers

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