schout

noun
\ ˈskau̇t\
plural -s

Definition of schout

1 : a Dutch bailiff or sheriff
2 : a person vested in the former Dutch colonies of America with local judicial functions

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History and Etymology for schout

Dutch, from Middle Dutch schoutete count's or bishop's agent with judicial powers in civil cases; akin to Old English sculthēta bailiff, Old High German sculdheizo magistrate; all from a prehistoric West Germanic compound noun whose first constituent is represented by Old English scyld debt, obligation and whose second constituent is akin to Old English hātan to command

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