\ ˈshist How to pronounce schist (audio) \

Definition of schist

: a metamorphic crystalline rock that has a closely foliated structure and can be split along approximately parallel planes

Examples of schist in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web From the sands that trapped our pickup atop Ward Terrace to the Vishnu schist—the black rock at the bottom of the canyon that is being carved away by the Colorado River—these landscapes preserve much of the past 1.8 billion years of the rock record. Matthew A. Brown, Scientific American, "The Real Dilophosaurus Would Have Eaten the Jurassic Park Version for Breakfast," 1 Jan. 2021 Artist Randall Nelson of Willington located and secured the schist, and carved and installed the stone., "Community News For The Vernon Edition," 24 Dec. 2020 However, a decade earlier, work crews tunneling through the area had discovered that the canyon was layered through with schist in its northeastern section. Yxta Maya Murray, Longreads, "Fire/Flood: A Southern California Pastoral," 19 Aug. 2020 And, in a 1911 report, Mulholland and Lipincott wrote that the schist might be unstable. Yxta Maya Murray, Longreads, "Fire/Flood: A Southern California Pastoral," 19 Aug. 2020 Veins of schist and quartz run through its fractured sandstone soils. Esther Mobley,, "California winemakers bet on Mendocino County for Alpine-style wines," 1 July 2020 This Savennières, from sandy schist soils in the Anjou region, is richly textured, bright and succulent. Eric Asimov, New York Times, "20 Wines Under $20: Touring the World, Familiar to Obscure," 25 Jan. 2018 But not all of Piedmont has limestone — the Gattinara area, for instance, is all schist. Esther Mobley, San Francisco Chronicle, "Rhys Vineyards' Kevin Harvey turns to Italian-style wines in Sonoma," 8 Dec. 2017 The highlight of the park is of course the gorge, where walls of red-gray rhyolite schist, a hard volcanic rock, rise up to 40 feet along the Eau Claire River. Chelsey Lewis, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Dells of the Eau Claire is a gorgeous county park near Wausau," 2 Nov. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schist.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of schist

circa 1782, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for schist

borrowed from French schiste (Middle French pierre schiste, with pierre "stone"), borrowed from Latin schistos (in Pliny's Naturalis historia) "a kind of iron ore, perhaps limonite," shortened from lapis schistos, literally, "fissile stone," from lapis "stone" + schistos "easily split, fissile," borrowed from Greek schistós "split, divided," verbal adjective of schízein "to split, separate" — more at shed entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about schist

Time Traveler for schist

Time Traveler

The first known use of schist was circa 1782

See more words from the same year

Statistics for schist

Last Updated

27 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Schist.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Mar. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLA Chicago APA Merriam-Webster

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for schist



English Language Learners Definition of schist

technical : a type of rock that can be broken into thin, flat pieces

More from Merriam-Webster on schist Encyclopedia article about schist

Comments on schist

What made you want to look up schist? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


Test Your Vocabulary

Who Knew?

Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!


Anagram puzzles meet word search.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!