schip·​per·​ke | \ ˈski-pər-kē How to pronounce schipperke (audio) , ˈshi-, -kə; -pərk \

Definition of schipperke

: any of a Belgian breed of small stocky black tailless dogs with foxy head and heavy coat

Illustration of schipperke

Illustration of schipperke

Examples of schipperke in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web And a bit of drama from last year's show was resolved when Colton the schipperke took his turn. CBS News, "Poodle wins group at Westminster dog show after McDonald's snack," 11 Feb. 2020 And a bit of drama from last year’s show was resolved when Colton the schipperke took his turn. Jake Seiner, Anchorage Daily News, "Happy meal: Poodle stops for fast food, wins at Westminster," 11 Feb. 2020 Also advancing were Bono the Havanese in the toy group, Colton the schipperke in the nonsporting and Baby Lars the bouviers des Flandres in the herding — those breeds haven’t won here, either. Ben Walker, The Seattle Times, "Dachshunds get chance to break out of Westminster doghouse," 12 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'schipperke.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of schipperke

1887, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for schipperke

borrowed from regional Dutch, of uncertain origin

Note: The word schipperke is conventionally taken as a diminutive of Dutch schipper "bargeman, boatman" (see skipper entry 2), allegedly alluding to the use of such dogs on canal boats as watchdogs or rodent catchers. It is claimed, however—as, for example, on the website of the Belgian kennel club, the Société royale Saint-Hubert—that the original word in the regional Dutch around Brussels and Leuven in Brabant, where the dog is said to have originated, was scheperke, a diminutive of scheper "shepherd." According to the Belgian veterinarian Adolphe Reul, the dog was exhibited under the name schipperke in a breed show held in Brussels on July 21, 1880, in connection with celebrations marking the fiftieth anniversary of the Belgian kingdom. The description of the breed read: "terriers à poil ras, zain, à oreilles droites, sans queue, à race flamande: schipperke" ("short-haired terrier, of a single color, with straight ears, tailless, Flemish breed: schipperke") ("Les chiens," Annales de médecin vétérinaire, 42. année, septembre et octobre 1893, p. 505). A documented history of schipperke as the name for a dog breed prior to 1880 does not appear to exist.

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The first known use of schipperke was in 1887

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Last Updated

20 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Schipperke.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 3 Mar. 2021.

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