saturation

noun
sat·​u·​ra·​tion | \ ˌsa-chə-ˈrā-shən How to pronounce saturation (audio) \

Definition of saturation

1a : the act of saturating : the state of being saturated
2 : conversion of an unsaturated to a saturated chemical compound (as by hydrogenation)
3 : a state of maximum impregnation: such as
a : complete infiltration : permeation
b : the presence in air of the most water possible under existent pressure and temperature
c : magnetization to the point beyond which a further increase in the intensity of the magnetizing force will produce no further magnetization
4a : chromatic purity : freedom from dilution with white
b(1) : degree of difference from the gray having the same lightness used of an object color
(2) : degree of difference from the achromatic light-source color of the same brightness used of a light-source color — compare hue sense 2c
5 : the supplying of a market with as much of a product as it will absorb
6 : an overwhelming concentration of military forces or firepower

Examples of saturation in a Sentence

Heavy rains resulted in the saturation of the soil. the saturation of advertising on television
Recent Examples on the Web The ordinance thus declared a moratorium on any more offenders moving to Hartland until the saturation level more closely matches that of Waukesha County overall. Bruce Vielmetti, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Would-be resident sues Hartland, calls ban on more sex offenders unconstitutional," 21 Apr. 2021 Tobin testified that tests on Floyd's blood indicated his oxygen saturation level was 98 percent, meaning the amount of carbon monoxide would be no more than 2 percent. Erin Donaghue, CBS News, "Testimony complete in Derek Chauvin trial after former cop says he will not testify," 15 Apr. 2021 Fitbit Sense: available at AmazonThis high-tech model boasts all of the standard Fitbit features, plus the ability to monitor blood oxygen saturation, skin temperature, heart rhythm, sleep quality and stress responses. Megan Oster, chicagotribune.com, "How does physical activity benefit your health?," 19 Mar. 2021 Keeping the air pressure and oxygen saturation at the right levels was the hardest part, Hanna says. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "Mouse embryos grown in bottles form organs and limbs," 17 Mar. 2021 According to a pair of studies by researchers at the University of Michigan, which looked at more than 10,000 patients throughout America, pulse oximeters overestimate blood-oxygen saturation more frequently in black people than in white people. The Economist, "How medicine discriminates against non-white people and women," 7 Apr. 2021 That saturation has had its effect, said Steven Lerman, 70, who was King's main attorney during the civil trial and could often be seen by his side at news conferences. Javonte Anderson, USA TODAY, "30 years after Rodney King, Derek Chauvin trial is 'like reliving history' for lawmakers, lawyers, activists and others who were there," 19 Mar. 2021 Tighter restrictions aimed at reining in surging coronavirus infections took hold in much of Italy and parts of Poland on Monday, while in France, Paris risks being slapped with a weekend lockdown as ICUs near saturation with COVID-19 patients. Frances D'emilio, chicagotribune.com, "Much of Europe tightens COVID-19 restrictions amid surge in infections," 15 Mar. 2021 That segued to the saturation media coverage of the Senate runoffs, the Republican election challenges and, of course, Mr. Trump’s conduct after Nov. 3. Mark Leibovich, New York Times, "A Political Hurricane Blew Through Georgia. Now It’s Bracing for More.," 13 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'saturation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of saturation

circa 1554, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Time Traveler for saturation

Time Traveler

The first known use of saturation was circa 1554

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Statistics for saturation

Last Updated

5 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Saturation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/saturation. Accessed 8 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for saturation

saturation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of saturation

: the act or result of making something very wet
: the act or result of supplying so much of something that no more is wanted
: the act of using military force over a whole area

saturation

noun
sat·​u·​ra·​tion | \ ˌsach-ə-ˈrā-shən How to pronounce saturation (audio) \

Medical Definition of saturation

1 : the act of saturating : the state of being saturated
2 : conversion of an unsaturated to a saturated chemical compound (as by hydrogenation)
3 : a state of maximum impregnation especially : the presence in air of the most water possible under existent pressure and temperature
4a : the one of the three psychological dimensions of color perception that is related to the purity of the color and that decreases as the amount of white present in the stimulus increases

called also intensity

— compare brightness, hue
b(1) : degree of difference from the gray having the same lightness used of an object color
(2) : degree of difference from the achromatic light-source color of the same brightness used of a light-source color

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