saturation

noun
sat·​u·​ra·​tion | \ˌsa-chə-ˈrā-shən \

Definition of saturation 

1a : the act of saturating : the state of being saturated

b : satiety, surfeit

2 : conversion of an unsaturated to a saturated chemical compound (as by hydrogenation)

3 : a state of maximum impregnation: such as

a : complete infiltration : permeation

b : the presence in air of the most water possible under existent pressure and temperature

c : magnetization to the point beyond which a further increase in the intensity of the magnetizing force will produce no further magnetization

4a : chromatic purity : freedom from dilution with white

b(1) : degree of difference from the gray having the same lightness used of an object color

(2) : degree of difference from the achromatic light-source color of the same brightness used of a light-source color — compare hue sense 2c

5 : the supplying of a market with as much of a product as it will absorb

6 : an overwhelming concentration of military forces or firepower

Examples of saturation in a Sentence

Heavy rains resulted in the saturation of the soil. the saturation of advertising on television

Recent Examples on the Web

Much of the media’s coverage focused on debunking or complicating Trump’s narrative, but in letting that coverage reach saturation levels, the media let Trump control the narrative, and push dozens of worthier stories out of the headlines. Ezra Klein, Vox, "To beat Trump, House Democrats need to fight on policy, not just scandals," 12 Nov. 2018 The outlook and third-quarter results, which showed slowing sales growth in all major revenue categories including international and cloud computing, prompted investors to question whether the company is reaching a saturation point. Spencer Soper, The Seattle Times, "Amazon dealt $250 billion blow from market jitters and confusion," 30 Oct. 2018 SpO2 monitor Garmin's Pulse Ox sensor keeps track of your blood oxygen saturation levels. Valentina Palladino, Ars Technica, "Garmin Vivosmart 4 review: An affordable band for easy fitness, SpO2 data," 27 Oct. 2018 The sport-utility vehicle segment, which has grown at double-digit rates for several years, is finally nearing saturation point, said Yale Zhang, managing director of Shanghai consultancy Automotive Foresight. Trefor Moss, WSJ, "China Auto Sales Slump on Trade Tensions, Economic Jitters," 11 Sep. 2018 Colors pop, graphics are sharp, and everything on-screen has ample saturation with good contrast (though not as wildly vibrant as Samsung’s). Stefan Etienne, The Verge, "Razer Phone 2 review: it glows, but it doesn’t shine," 22 Oct. 2018 But does faster growth just mean a faster path to market saturation? Jason Del Rey, Recode, "The rise of giant consumer startups that said no to investor money," 29 Aug. 2018 Kurt Workman, co-founder and CEO of Owlet, noted in a statement emailed to Reuters Health that the most accurate method of assessing oxygen saturation involves testing blood that's been drawn from an artery. Fox News, "Consumer baby monitors may get vital signs wrong," 21 Aug. 2018 Average revenue per user has fallen in the U.S. and Japan, as smartphone saturation rises, while traffic has risen exponentially, demanding ever-higher spending on infrastructure. Phred Dvorak, WSJ, "SoftBank Chief Eases Hard Stance on Sprint," 29 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'saturation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of saturation

circa 1554, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Last Updated

1 Dec 2018

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Time Traveler for saturation

The first known use of saturation was circa 1554

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More Definitions for saturation

saturation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of saturation

: the act or result of making something very wet

: the act or result of supplying so much of something that no more is wanted

: the act of using military force over a whole area

saturation

noun
sat·​u·​ra·​tion | \ˌsach-ə-ˈrā-shən \

Medical Definition of saturation 

1 : the act of saturating : the state of being saturated

2 : conversion of an unsaturated to a saturated chemical compound (as by hydrogenation)

3 : a state of maximum impregnation especially : the presence in air of the most water possible under existent pressure and temperature

4a : the one of the three psychological dimensions of color perception that is related to the purity of the color and that decreases as the amount of white present in the stimulus increases

called also intensity

— compare brightness, hue

b(1) : degree of difference from the gray having the same lightness used of an object color

(2) : degree of difference from the achromatic light-source color of the same brightness used of a light-source color

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More from Merriam-Webster on saturation

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with saturation

Spanish Central: Translation of saturation

Nglish: Translation of saturation for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of saturation for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about saturation

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