sar·​co·​ma | \ sär-ˈkō-mə How to pronounce sarcoma (audio) \
plural sarcomas also sarcomata\ sär-​ˈkō-​mə-​tə How to pronounce sarcoma (audio) \

Definition of sarcoma

: a malignant tumor arising in tissue (such as connective tissue, bone, cartilage, or striated muscle) of mesodermal origin

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Other Words from sarcoma

sarcomatous \ sär-​ˈkō-​mə-​təs How to pronounce sarcoma (audio) \ adjective

Examples of sarcoma in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In December, 2018, Mitchell Barton, a twenty-one-year-old who’d played catcher in Cecil, was also diagnosed with Ewing’s sarcoma. Eliza Griswold, The New Yorker, "When the Kids Started Getting Sick," 2 Mar. 2021 By the time it was discovered in August, the rare sarcoma had already spread from her adrenal glands to her lungs. Alan Cowell,, "Behind the lines of Britain’s COVID war," 2 Mar. 2021 Madonna came with her friend, Martin Burgoyne, her roommate who was an artist who had Kaposi sarcoma. Phillip Picardi, Vogue, "Chapter Three: How ACT UP and the Downtown Fashion Scene Came to the Rescue," 16 Dec. 2020 One patient was diagnosed with Kaposi’s sarcoma, a rare form of skin cancer that Dr. Wallace helped link to the virus that became known as HIV. Emily Langer, Washington Post, "Joyce Wallace, physician who catered with compassion to prostitutes, dies at 79," 30 Oct. 2020 Kaposi’s sarcoma, a rare and often rapidly fatal form of cancer. New York Times, "Dr. Joyce Wallace, Pioneering AIDS Physician, Dies at 79," 27 Oct. 2020 Faris learned that there was very little research being done on Ewing’s sarcoma. Juhi Varma, Chron, "Sugar Land-based Faris Foundation honors the wish of an angel, works to end childhood cancer," 26 Oct. 2020 Those with Kaposi’s sarcoma developed bulbous red-and-purple tumors that distorted their faces, choked their throats, and swelled their limbs. Jerome Groopman, The New York Review of Books, "Lessons from the Worst Years of AIDS," 8 Sep. 2020 The 18-year-old is determined to beat Ewing sarcoma, a cancer that was found in her femur and was diagnosed May 20. Greg Riddle, Dallas News, "She learned she has a rare form of cancer during a global pandemic — but that isn’t breaking Lexie Bell’s spirit," 9 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sarcoma.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sarcoma

1804, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sarcoma

borrowed from New Latin sarcōmat-, sarcōma "fleshy excrescence, tumor," borrowed from Greek sárkōma "fleshy excrescence," from sarkō-, stem of sarkoûn "to make fleshy, (middle voice) to become fleshy" (verbal derivative of sark-, sárx "flesh, piece of meat") + -ma, resultative noun suffix — more at sarco-

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Time Traveler for sarcoma

Time Traveler

The first known use of sarcoma was in 1804

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Statistics for sarcoma

Last Updated

4 Mar 2021

Cite this Entry

“Sarcoma.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Mar. 2021.

Style: MLA
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More Definitions for sarcoma


sar·​co·​ma | \ sär-ˈkō-mə How to pronounce sarcoma (audio) \
plural sarcomas also sarcomata\ -​mət-​ə How to pronounce sarcoma (audio) \

Medical Definition of sarcoma

: a malignant tumor arising in tissue of mesodermal origin (as connective tissue, bone, cartilage, or striated muscle) that spreads by extension into neighboring tissue or by way of the bloodstream — compare carcinoma

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More from Merriam-Webster on sarcoma

Nglish: Translation of sarcoma for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of sarcoma for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about sarcoma

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