sar·​co·​col·​la | \ ˌsärkəˈkälə \

Definition of sarcocolla

1 capitalized : a small genus of shrubs (family Penaeaceae) native to southern Africa and having axillary or spicate red flowers with a long perianth tube and four reflexed lobes
2 plural -s : a gummy exudate believed to be obtained from either of two shrubs of the genus Penaea (P. mucronata and P. sarcocolla) but also held to be obtained from either of two milk vetches (Astragalus fasiculifolius and A. sarcocolla) and occurring in small yellowish or brownish red grains with a bittersweet and acrid taste

Love words?

You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.

Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with:

  • More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary
  • Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes
  • Advanced search features
  • Ad free!

History and Etymology for sarcocolla

New Latin, from Latin, gum of the milk vetch (Astragalus fasiculifolius), from Greek sarkokolla, from sark- sarc- + kolla gum

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about sarcocolla

Statistics for sarcocolla

Cite this Entry

“Sarcocolla.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.

Comments on sarcocolla

What made you want to look up sarcocolla? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


Test Your Vocabulary

Original Meanings Quiz

  • rembrandt painting a young scholar and his tutor
  • Which of the following is the earliest known sense of the word awe?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!