saponin

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noun sa·po·nin \ˈsa-pə-nən, sə-ˈpō-\

Definition of saponin

  1. :  any of various mostly toxic glucosides that occur in plants (such as soapwort or soapbark) and are characterized by the property of producing a soapy lather; especially :  a hygroscopic amorphous saponin mixture used especially as a foaming and emulsifying agent and detergent

Origin and Etymology of saponin

French saponine, from Latin sapon-, sapo


First Known Use: 1831


Medical Dictionary

saponin

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noun sa·po·nin \ˈsap-ə-nən, sə-ˈpō-\

Medical Definition of saponin

  1. :  any of various mostly toxic glucosides that occur in plants (as soapbark) and are characterized by the property of producing a soapy lather; especially :  a hygroscopic amorphous saponin mixture used especially as a foaming and emulsifying agent and detergent


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