sansculotte

noun
sans·​cu·​lotte | \ ˌsanz-ku̇-ˈlät How to pronounce sansculotte (audio) , -kyu̇- \

Definition of sansculotte

1 : an extreme radical republican in France at the time of the French Revolution
2 : a radical or violent extremist in politics

Other Words from sansculotte

sansculottic \ ˌsanz-​ku̇-​ˈlä-​tik How to pronounce sansculotte (audio) , -​kyu̇-​ \ adjective
sansculottish \ ˌsanz-​ku̇-​ˈlä-​tish How to pronounce sansculotte (audio) , -​kyu̇-​ \ adjective
sansculottism \ ˌsanz-​ku̇-​ˈlä-​ˌti-​zəm How to pronounce sansculotte (audio) , -​kyu̇-​ \ noun

Did you know?

At the time of the French Revolution (1787-1799), knee breeches (culottes in French) were the height of fashion for aristocratic men. The men of the general populace could not afford such impractical finery and instead wore the pantaloon (long trousers). When the poorer classes rose up against the government, members of the Revolutionary army used this difference in dress to distinguish themselves from the aristocracy, calling themselves "soldats sans culottes," literally, "soldiers without culottes." Almost immediately, sansculotte became a noun in both French and English.

Examples of sansculotte in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Its Second Republic, following the Paris uprising of 1848—one led by the children of the sansculottes, an armed working class—lasted only three years, dissipating in Bonapartist restoration. Christopher Ketcham, Harper's magazine, 22 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sansculotte.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of sansculotte

1790, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for sansculotte

French sans-culotte, literally, without breeches

Learn More About sansculotte

Time Traveler for sansculotte

Time Traveler

The first known use of sansculotte was in 1790

See more words from the same year

Listen to Our Podcast About sansculotte

Dictionary Entries Near sansculotte

sansara

sansculotte

sansculotterie

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for sansculotte

Cite this Entry

“Sansculotte.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sansculotte. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More from Merriam-Webster on sansculotte

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about sansculotte

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Difficult Spelling Words Quiz

  • alphabet pasta spelling help
  • Which is the correct spelling?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!