sam·​bu·​nigrin | \ ˌsamb(y)əˈnīgrə̇n, -nig- \
plural -s

Definition of sambunigrin

: a crystalline glucoside C6H5CH(CN)OC6H11O5 that occurs especially in the berries of the common elder, that on complete hydrolysis yields benzaldehyde, hydrocyanic acid, and glucose, and that racemizes in alkaline solution to prulaurasin — compare amygdalin, prunasin

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History and Etymology for sambunigrin

New Latin Sambucus nigra, species of elder (from Sambucus + Latin nigra, feminine of niger black) + International Scientific Vocabulary -in

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Cite this Entry

“Sambunigrin.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 18 January 2020.

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