Definition of salmonella
salmonellaeplay \-ˈne-(ˌ)lē, -ˌlī\ or
: any of a genus (Salmonella) of usually motile enterobacteria that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals and cause food poisoning, gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, or septicemia
Recent Examples of salmonella from the Web
In 2016, the country set a record, with 895 people getting sick with salmonella after interacting with the birds.
Rodents can also carry infections, such as hantavirus, salmonella and E.coli.
Along with pathogens found in sewage — including bacteria such as E. coli, vibrio and salmonella — there are viruses and intestinal parasites that can cause everything from diarrhea to meningitis to respiratory infections.
When the next salmonella or avian flu outbreak hits, the internet will have the news first.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'salmonella'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of salmonella
New Latin, from Daniel E. Salmon †1914 American veterinarian
First Known Use: 1913See Words from the same year
SALMONELLA Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of salmonella for English Language Learners
: a kind of bacteria that is sometimes in food and that makes people sick
Medical Definition of salmonella
1 capitalized : a genus of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped nonspore-forming usually motile bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that grow well on artificial media and form acid and gas on many carbohydrates but not on lactose, sucrose, or salicin, that are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals, and that cause food poisoning, acute gastrointestinal inflammation, typhoid fever, and septicemia
2plural salmonellae \-ˈnel-ē\play or salmonellas or salmonella : any bacterium of the genus Salmonella
Biographical Note for salmonella
Salmon \ˈsam-ən\play ,
Daniel Elmer (1850–1914), American veterinarian. For the greater part of his career Salmon was associated with the United States Department of Agriculture, having joined the department to investigate diseases of domestic animals, especially Texas fever. He later founded and became chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1900 the genus Salmonella of bacteria was named after him.
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up salmonella? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).