rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp(t)-shər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : breach of peace or concord specifically : open hostility or war between nations
2a : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of the heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk
b : hernia
3 : a breaking apart or the state of being broken apart

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ ˈrəp(t)-​sh(ə-​)riŋ How to pronounce rupturing (audio) \

Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to part by violence : break, burst
b : to create or induce a breach of
2 : to produce a rupture in

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

Examples of rupture in a Sentence

Noun

A rupture in the pipeline resulted in major water damage. a rupture of an artery an infection that could cause rupture of the eardrum The conflict caused a rupture in relations between the former allies. They're trying to heal the rupture in their relationship.

Verb

The pipe ruptured because of high water pressure. High water pressure ruptured the pipe. The impact ruptured his liver. The scandal ruptured relations between the two countries. The crime ruptured the peace of a small town.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

When Bowerman arrived at Houston Methodist Hospital, Britz treated her with a coil embolization, which involves placing soft metal coils in the artery at the site of the rupture to stop the bleeding. Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston Chronicle, "Women at higher risk for brain aneurysms," 23 Aug. 2019 British consumers’ reactions to possible shortages of food and pharmaceuticals is impossible to predict, as are the wider economic, political, and constitutional ramifications of a sudden rupture. Stephen Castle, BostonGlobe.com, "Special election defeat poses thorny problem for Johnson," 2 Aug. 2019 The cause of the rupture has not yet been identified, according to an Enbridge spokesperson who spoke to the Louisville Courier Journal. Zoë Schlanger, Quartz, "The company behind the Kentucky explosion is also behind the worst inland pipeline accident in US history," 1 Aug. 2019 Gerald Feierstein, director of government relations and policy at the Middle East Institute, said there's deep resistance to any rupture in the U.S.-Saudi alliance inside the U.S. defense and energy communities. Deirdre Shesgreen, USA TODAY, "Senate fails to override Trump's veto of Saudi arms deal in new setback for kingdom's critics," 29 July 2019 The most populated area that got the worst shaking was Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, which was right on top of the fault rupture and saw damage to its elementary school. Rong-gong Lin Ii, latimes.com, "Ridgecrest earthquake packed the power of 45 nuclear bombs, but its impact was muted," 13 July 2019 The threat of a disorderly rupture with the EU hangs over Britain’s economy, which appears to have shrunk in March and April, in part because carmakers halted production after the original Brexit deadline. The Economist, "The Tories are throwing away their reputation for economic prudence," 14 June 2019 Andy Wong/Press Pool The sudden deterioration of trade talks between the U.S. and China this week has raised the prospect of a once-unimaginable rupture between the world’s two largest economies. Yoko Kubota, WSJ, "Can This Marriage Be Saved? Chinese-U.S. Integration Frays," 9 May 2019 Residents of King and Snohomish counties could see at least one effect of the pipeline rupture Thursday. Heidi Groover, The Seattle Times, "Risk of power outages in Puget Sound after Canadian pipeline explosion cuts off natural-gas supply," 10 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Cruz, who ruptured the ECU tendon in his left wrist, has no further damage, which means that his wrist will not require surgery, per the Twins. Betsy Helfand, Twin Cities, "Good news for Twins slugger Nelson Cruz: No surgery needed," 12 Aug. 2019 The Perryville Fire Department said that preliminary reports show that a gas line ruptured. Joe Sutton, CNN, "A gas explosion rocks a community and leaves one dead in Kentucky," 1 Aug. 2019 Read more: The tribe argues in the lawsuit that the 66-year-old pipeline could rupture on the reservation and easements for the line expired in 2013. Detroit Free Press, "Wisconsin tribe sues Enbridge to force Line 5 pipeline removal," 23 July 2019 Hrisco’s body had what Denton described as superficial abrasions on her face, hands and knees, as well as a bruise on the left side of her neck and ruptured blood vessels in her left eye and scalp. George Houde, chicagotribune.com, "At murder trial, pathologist says suburban woman’s drowning in 2000 bothered him, but evidence was lacking at the time to call it a homicide," 18 July 2019 Holding has been out of action since rupturing his anterior cruciate ligament in a match against Manchester United in December. SI.com, "Rob Holding Set to Miss the Start of Arsenal's Season Through Injury," 30 June 2019 The Achilles is the strongest tendon but also the most frequently ruptured, especially in people between 30 and 60 years old. Colin Hoobler, oregonlive.com, "Kevin Durant’s Achilles tendon injury: How these ruptures are treated, plus a timeline for his return," 13 June 2019 At a protest last weekend, police ruptured one young woman’s eyeball and allowed organized criminal gangs to attack protesters and bystanders. Los Angeles Times, "Hong Kong protesters took their organizing principle from Bruce Lee. Now some are having second thoughts," 16 Aug. 2019 Playing in his first playoff series in nine NBA seasons, Cousins ruptured his left quadriceps muscle in Game 2 of the Warriors’ opening round series against the Clippers. Jon Becker, The Mercury News, "Report: Ex-Warrior DeMarcus Cousins suffers another major injury," 15 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'rupture.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of rupture

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Verb

1578, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for rupture

Noun

Middle English ruptur, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French rupture, from Latin ruptura fracture, from ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break — more at reave

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about rupture

Statistics for rupture

Last Updated

11 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for rupture

The first known use of rupture was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for rupture

rupture

noun

English Language Learners Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a crack or break in something (such as a pipe)
: a break or tear in a part of the body
: a break in good relations between people or countries

rupture

verb

English Language Learners Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

: to break or burst
medical : to cause a break or tear in (a part of the body)
: to damage or destroy (a relationship, situation, etc.)

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp-chər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Kids Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a break in peaceful or friendly relations
2 : a breaking or tearing apart of body tissue rupture of an eardrum
3 : a crack or break in something a pipeline rupture

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing

Kids Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to part by violence : break
2 : to produce a break or tear in High water pressure ruptured the pipe.
3 : to have or develop a break or tear The blood vessel ruptured.

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp-chər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Medical Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk
2 : hernia

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ -​chə-​riŋ, -​shriŋ How to pronounce rupturing (audio) \

Medical Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to produce a rupture in rupture an eardrum

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on rupture

What made you want to look up rupture? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to make a temporary encampment

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Musical Words Quiz

  • gramophone
  • Which word describes a musical performance marked by the absence of instrumental accompaniment?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!