rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ˈrəp(t)-shər \

Definition of rupture 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : breach of peace or concord specifically : open hostility or war between nations

2a : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of the heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk

b : hernia

3 : a breaking apart or the state of being broken apart

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ ˈrəp(t)-​sh(ə-​)riŋ \

Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to part by violence : break, burst

b : to create or induce a breach of

2 : to produce a rupture in

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

Examples of rupture in a Sentence

Noun

A rupture in the pipeline resulted in major water damage. a rupture of an artery an infection that could cause rupture of the eardrum The conflict caused a rupture in relations between the former allies. They're trying to heal the rupture in their relationship.

Verb

The pipe ruptured because of high water pressure. High water pressure ruptured the pipe. The impact ruptured his liver. The scandal ruptured relations between the two countries. The crime ruptured the peace of a small town.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Wasn’t such a dramatic rupture with cultural norms deserving of public discussion before being established by fiat? Ron Grossman, chicagotribune.com, "The nation's divide over guns is a disturbing echo of the past," 11 June 2018 Trump was making his first trip to Great Britain as president after a tense summit with NATO leaders in Brussels that began Wednesday and on the heels of ruptures in May’s government because of the crisis over Britain’s exit from the European Union. Washington Post, "Trump attending dinner at birthplace of Winston Churchill," 12 July 2018 At her official country residence, Chequers, she is expected to present her latest plan to soften the economic impact of Britain’s rupture with the European Union, known as Brexit. Stephen Castle, New York Times, "On Brexit, It’s Decision Time for Theresa May (and for Her Critics)," 4 July 2018 Patients are also warned to avoid competitive sports because the spleen is at risk for rupture if it is enlarged. New York Times, "My Daughter Has Mono. Is the Whole Family at Risk?," 29 June 2018 The Boca Juniors defender will miss the tournament after suffering a knee ligament rupture in training, the Colombian football federation said. Afp, chicagotribune.com, "Colombia defender Fabra out of World Cup with knee injury," 9 June 2018 Infection, hemorrhage, uterine rupture—all definitely bad things. Kavin Senapathy, SELF, "Giving Birth Made Me Question the Informed Consent Process During Childbirth," 14 May 2018 The industry will have to use its considerable commercial nous to hit its growth targets if Brexit provokes a deep rupture with the EU. The Economist, "Britain’s space industry, Brexit’s final frontier," 3 May 2018 The West Ham playmaker suffered a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament in his right knee during a training session, and looks set for a lengthy spell on the sidelines, to the dismay of both Argentina and West Ham. SI.com, "Video Shows How Lionel Messi & Argentina Squad Reacted to News on Manuel Lanzini's Injury," 9 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

This bulge can then swell and rupture as pressure builds, releasing blood around the brain. Jason Duaine Hahn, PEOPLE.com, "Danny Farquhar, MLB Pitcher Who Suffered Aneurysm During Game, Says 'Doctors Call Me a Miracle'," 1 June 2018 On the Iditarod trail, Lanier has broken ankles, ruptured his Achilles tendon, broken his clavicle, cracked his ribs, caught pneumonia and frostbit two fingers and a toe, leading to amputations. Tegan Hanlon, Anchorage Daily News, "The Iditarod gave this musher broken bones and frostbitten toes. At 77, he’s not ready to stop racing.," 5 Mar. 2018 Foster ruptured his Achilles tendon during the 2015 season, which led to the end of his tenure with the Texans and his eventual retirement one year later following a short stint with the Miami Dolphins. Aaron Wilson, Houston Chronicle, "Arian Foster weighs in on latest J.J. Watt comeback," 29 June 2018 Team News Argentina Argentina were handed a blow last week as West Ham midfielder Manuel Lanzini ruptured a cruciate ligament in training and was ruled out for the tournament. SI.com, "World Cup Preview: Argentina vs Iceland - Recent Form, Stats, Team News & More," 15 June 2018 Hicks also ruptured an Achilles tendon and missed half the season, his third in the league. Marcus Hayes, Philly.com, "Sidney Jones might be the best Eagles corner in years | Marcus Hayes," 13 Feb. 2018 The cause of the lack of blood supply, Dr. Shennan discovered was that Frost's uterus had ruptured, and Sephina had been born into her mother's abdominal cavity. Ashley Oerman, Cosmopolitan, "How This Woman's Baby Was Born Into Her Abdominal Cavity, Then Saved By a 30-Second Surgery," 28 Dec. 2017 The blast ruptured the internal organs of reef fish, fractured their spines or tore at their flesh with coral shrapnel. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "In the Philippines, Dynamite Fishing Decimates Entire Ocean Food Chains," 15 June 2018 Shock waves from the explosions rupture the fishes' swim bladders, immobilizing the fish and causing some to float to the surface. Katherine Kornei, Scientific American, "Gunshot Sensors Pinpoint Destructive “Fish Bombs”," 18 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'rupture.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of rupture

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Verb

1578, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for rupture

Noun

Middle English ruptur, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French rupture, from Latin ruptura fracture, from ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break — more at reave

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Statistics for rupture

Last Updated

6 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for rupture

The first known use of rupture was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for rupture

rupture

noun

English Language Learners Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a crack or break in something (such as a pipe)

medical : a break or tear in a part of the body

: a break in good relations between people or countries

rupture

verb

English Language Learners Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

: to break or burst

medical : to cause a break or tear in (a part of the body)

: to damage or destroy (a relationship, situation, etc.)

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ˈrəp-chər \

Kids Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a break in peaceful or friendly relations

2 : a breaking or tearing apart of body tissue rupture of an eardrum

3 : a crack or break in something a pipeline rupture

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing

Kids Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to part by violence : break

2 : to produce a break or tear in High water pressure ruptured the pipe.

3 : to have or develop a break or tear The blood vessel ruptured.

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ˈrəp-chər \

Medical Definition of rupture 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk

2 : hernia

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ -​chə-​riŋ, -​shriŋ \

Medical Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to produce a rupture in rupture an eardrum

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

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More from Merriam-Webster on rupture

Spanish Central: Translation of rupture

Nglish: Translation of rupture for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of rupture for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about rupture

Comments on rupture

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