ron·deau | \ˈrän-(ˌ)dō, rän-ˈdō\
plural rondeaux\ˈrän-(ˌ)dōz, rän-ˈdōz \

Definition of rondeau 

1a : a fixed form of verse based on two rhyme sounds and consisting usually of 13 lines in three stanzas with the opening words of the first line of the first stanza used as an independent refrain after the second and third stanzas

b : a poem in this form

2 : a monophonic trouvère song with a 2-part refrain

First Known Use of rondeau

1525, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for rondeau

Middle French rondel, rondeau

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The first known use of rondeau was in 1525

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