rinderpest

noun
rin·​der·​pest | \ ˈrin-dər-ˌpest How to pronounce rinderpest (audio) \

Definition of rinderpest

: an acute infectious disease of ruminant mammals (such as cattle) that is caused by a morbillivirus (species Rinderpest morbillivirus) and that is marked by fever, diarrhea, and inflammation of mucous membranes and by high mortality in epidemics

Examples of rinderpest in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Italy’s expansion across Ethiopia was facilitated by the devastation caused by rinderpest—an infectious viral disease—that killed up to 90% of the country’s livestock. Yirga Gelaw Woldeyes, Quartz Africa, "124 years ago, Ethiopian men and women defeated the Italian army in the Battle of Adwa," 2 Mar. 2020 So far, only two infectious diseases have been globally eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest, a viral disease that affects cattle. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "We’ve officially annihilated a second strain of polio. Only one remains," 24 Oct. 2019 It was thought that a local outbreak of a disease called rinderpest had wiped out the zebra and wildebeest that the lions normally preyed on, making the cats desperate enough to prey on humans, who the lions then consumed entirely. Brian Switek, Smithsonian, "Man-Eating Lions of Tsavo Did Indeed Eat People, Teeth Reveal," 19 Apr. 2017 It was thought that a local outbreak of a disease called rinderpest had wiped out the zebra and wildebeest that the lions normally preyed on, making the cats desperate enough to prey on humans, who the lions then consumed entirely. Brian Switek, Smithsonian, "Man-Eating Lions of Tsavo Did Indeed Eat People, Teeth Reveal," 19 Apr. 2017 Mankind has successfully managed to eradicate only two diseases to date: smallpox in humans followed by the deadly cattle plague, rinderpest. Dr. René Carlson, latimes.com, "We eradicated cattle plague. Now let’s set our sights on rabies," 25 May 2017 Only two diseases — smallpox and rinderpest, a veterinary disease — have ever been eradicated from the earth, and in both of them the last cases were found in Africa. Donald G. Mcneil Jr., New York Times, "2 Polio Paralysis Cases in Nigeria Set Back Eradication Effort," 11 Aug. 2016 Scientists tell Gill that ovine rinderpest, a disease also known as sheep plague, Peste des Petits Ruminants or PPR, is to blame. Erin Blakemore, Smithsonian, "A Quarter of the World’s Saiga Antelope Are Dead," 9 Feb. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'rinderpest.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of rinderpest

1865, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for rinderpest

German, from Rinder, plural, cattle + Pest pestilence

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Time Traveler for rinderpest

Time Traveler

The first known use of rinderpest was in 1865

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Statistics for rinderpest

Last Updated

20 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Rinderpest.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rinderpest. Accessed 5 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for rinderpest

rinderpest

noun
rin·​der·​pest | \ ˈrin-dər-ˌpest How to pronounce rinderpest (audio) \

Medical Definition of rinderpest

: an acute infectious usually fatal disease of ruminant animals (as cattle) that is caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus (species Rinderpest morbillivirus), is marked by fever, diarrhea, and inflammation of mucous membranes, and has been eradicated globally by widespread vaccination

called also cattle plague

More from Merriam-Webster on rinderpest

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about rinderpest

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